Clark Aldrich on Unschooling Rules

okay those to you Clark thank you so much and it’s really it’s great to be here my name is Clark Aldrich and I’ll be talking a little bit about how important home schoolers and unschoolers are not just to other home tours and unschoolers but as an educational movement that is transformative so as a quick note I mean these slides are not perfect by design there’s probably some spelling errors and formatting errors actually don’t like perfect slides for a bunch of reasons not because I don’t respect you it because I do this material is not perfect we are this is messy stuff and so again to prove present something is overly glossy and overly perfect in sort of highly imperfect world seems to be somewhat intellectually dishonest the other part is that I am a simulation designer and game designer by by trade and therefore any kind of formal presentation makes me a little bit uncomfortable so please please PLEASE chat ask questions live there’s no there’s not going to be a formal Q&A session the hope is that we can sort of turn this as much as a presentation into a conversation so again please use the chat room actively have a back chatter going and talk about this stuff in real time ask questions also someone asks a question and you have a great answer please feel free to watch I’m in I’m not the smartest person here but probably by a longshot nor the most experienced so as much as we can let’s turn this into a conversation as much as a presentation I happen to have the slides I happen to have the deck but that does not mean that I should be thought of as any kind of super super Authority so I do want to say that again I spent a long time looking at education issues and I think we are in education is in trouble the the national internationally the concept of education is in a really bad spot right now a formal sort of the school industry and what I find so absolutely fascinating about homeschooling on schooling as it is driving the first education reform movement it doesn’t actually require education to reform for it to work and as we look at corporations and again I spend as time working with and looking at large corporations as I do with startups as I deal with government agencies I’m no monopoly has ever reformed itself and there’s a reason why schools have continued to fail to do what is right it’s pretty obvious in our school system we’re often first asked to accept things that are clearly stupid and then we’re asked to praise the few people who say these things are stupid and then and then see and their third we don’t expect anything to actually change and likely get worse so we really are in a bad place when it comes to schools being adaptive so again my name is Clark Aldrich I’ve written a handful of books mostly around the concept of educational simulations and serious games and this put me into contact with a tremendous amount of people including people from top schools like Harvard top other learning organizations like the US Army and other government agencies nonprofits I’ve worked with almost every type of organization imaginable with a very interesting and very specific lens of saying how do we turn your content in something that is interactive how do we turn something from a learning to know experience to a learning to do experience and in that process when applying that lens a tremendous amount of the cracks that are in our school system and are very baked into the way we presented content have come forth I’ve also been at a summer camp counselor again I’ve built a lot of educational simulations and serious games really far too many books I work with a lot of organization they even work with ETS in terms of rethinking some of the some of the formalized assessment methodologies so I come at this not as someone who is purely critical but someone who’s also trying to work in various ways to to make things better so first thing is what has changed why is the world different than it was say 5 10 15 years ago one concept of course is more content is now free and almost all content is now fluid there simply you know in the olden days you had to go to the library to get information excellent Ellison good to know and we can compare notes and they also either no one else is listening and and again the other thing is content is fluid it’s very easy to switch platforms to have access also information so we live in this world where information has gone from the scarcest thing possible where people have to raise money to build libraries to stuff where a lot of content is free or at the very least very fluid I’m another thing a lot of role modeling master’s programs including some for profits have gotten very very good very virtual and very disintermediating the

notion of MBAs requiring even college degrees is blowing away as well as high school degrees so again the notion of more of an education marketplace is forming at the highest levels it’s been a fascinating thing for me looking at this whole industry that in a lot of cases masters programs because they have the most contact with the real world have gotten much more interesting much more much greater use of adaptive learning technologies then say kindergarten or first grade or second grade where you kind of hope that people will be more innovative than fact if nothing third things change schools are simply students are simply less tolerant of long stretches of boredom then they were before so students themselves are changing at a faster level I guess the big thing that is simply here this is just a little bit of preamble so to speak is there’s the rate of change in the world evan is the rate of change in the school system and almost no matter what you say no matter how else do you frame it and it doesn’t it does not even matter when this point is at some point and maybe it’s always being the case and maybe this point was 200 years ago but at some point the rate of change in the world has outstripped the rate of change in the school system school systems are very very hard to not because the people who are running them are bad or not because the government officials who monitor them are bad it’s just simply a very hard mechanism to change and so given that you’re seeing this increase to Delta supposed to be a triangle I apologize this increased Delta between the rate of change in the world and the rate of change of schools and that’s only going to grow so so this this gap this Delta between what schools are and what the world requires is only going to grow bigger and bigger final thing too is the cost of schools the cost of schools continue to rise faster nothing gets home scores none schoolers matter than having to pay their property taxes realizing how much of it is going to school systems the cost of schools are going up and up and up and there’s a lot of impacts to that including really weird cost control methods that are going to be put in place very soon you’re going to have more more music music ala T’s even cities going bankrupt frankly because of school costs of the weather they won’t call them that so we’re in this environment so when you mix all this stuff together when you mix it up into the big pot and look at schools traditionally we’re going to see hire students to teacher ratios that’s going to continue we’re going to see the greater standardization of curriculum the PARCC effort has been criticized I believe personally unfairly but we’re still going to see a greater standardization of curriculum a greater role of centralized assessments even more increased disintermediation to parents and businesses in other words if your parent drop off your kid and shut up if you’re a business please give us money but beyond that where we don’t really need that much more from you we’re going to greater cuts in school budgets decrease in non school free time for students we are going to see an increase in online learning a number of high school students in the u.s. who fail out now 30% will go up number of us college students that graduate now 46 will go up so in my quick assessment again schools are in a lot of trouble when I look at a lot of school systems today as an outsider coming in there’s a sweet spot there’s an area that schools tend to do pretty well and it him to do very well at the top students right now we’re doing schools are doing very well with science technology engineering and math in terms of investing in programs there’s a lot of really interesting innovative and great programs for at-risk students there’s some really great innovative programs for special needs students but then there’s everyone else and everyone else is basically there to subsidize this core sweet spot of schools they don’t have customized programs they don’t have much investment then they are there in the hopes that they make these these these quark is sort of more successful so right now we have a tremendous amount of limbo with most schools and most school systems of another observation because again I spend as much time looking at corporations as I do at schools and a simple observation that a multinational Food Corporation would never discover the need for organic minimally processed locally grown agriculture on its own no matter how many PhDs were on the payroll it is simply not within the philosophy of a Tyson company or a ConAgra or McDonald’s or whatever to say hey you don’t be good solution to our food problem if we had more farms and people bought more locally grown food it simply would never occur to them likewise we really can’t look at schools and school supporters and say they’re gonna come up with great ideas on their own they’re not Tyson Foods is going to come up with you know better packaged frozen chicken they’re not going to come up with you know a lower key organic model so again to the degree that we have or continue to look within school systems or even people who support the school systems as people who come up with solutions is going to be more and more frustrating as we’ve already seen the other very again relevant observations customers tend to have an unreal expectations of

monopolies so we and again I’m talking about Microsoft and sippy but you know the truth is is that when we have monopolies we all as customers of monopolies tend to have very unrealistic unrealistic expectations of Napoles right now we we collectively we human beings have unreasonable unrealistic expectations of schools this case creates is really greater isolation for in this case of teachers they really are asked to do things that they cannot do and there’s no comparison they can’t say oh but look how these other people do it which means they can’t learn from other people who are doing things much differently and again they’re increasingly having to create these facades of what they can and can’t do so you know this is again not the school’s fault not the teachers fault it is simply this notion of unlocks unrealistic expectations which happened at Microsoft which happened of Standard Oil which happened which is happening right now Google there are simply these unrealistic expectations and that is core for I think you also appreciate that um so I would just fascinated at the failure a lot of youth education movements I worked with David Kearns of using charge of Xerox way back when you know he wrote a great book winning a great brain race smarter than anything all ever right it was a great book and it was mostly right and it didn’t have any impact at all so it just became increasingly fascinated with the notion of why do so many school reforms fail so I wanted to look at people I want to look in this case of the home scores none schoolers and the people who have taken me through entrepreneurial a pass over college and I asked them two basic questions what our schools do that was absurd that was stupid those idiotic what did schools not do that was really important that they should do so if you sort of ask these two questions of homes forward and unschoolers you get a lot of really interesting perspectives and what I did with unschooling rules is just sort of distill those down to lists of 55 ideas and present them and so that was sort of the notion of unschooling rules and the basic conclusion or a basic conclusion is is the future of Education could be a synthesis between what today’s schools are as a thesis and thirdly unschooling movement as as the antithesis and to move ahead in education we’re going to figure out a way to to bring these two worlds together let the unschoolers on school in the home towards home school but the school peoples continue down there their death march but increasingly have-have back and forth between them have conversations that happen how schools learn from unschoolers and get them out of their own right which again you talk to any teacher you talk to any standardized testing creator you talk to any government official they’re all going to tell you yeah we’re in a giant rut we don’t quite know how to get out of this so again they all know the problem is there no one in schools today thinks if they’re going well I’m likewise I’m schooling has to evolve as well and and figure out how to how to make this a very synergistic relationship not not such thought of as being good or enemies and again the future of Education can require these two things to work together just a quick example the nice thing about unschooling rules is that it’ll it is a lens it is a way of looking at again I use organic farming all the time as a model you know you need to spend a bit of time on organic farm before you start becoming truly critical of what Tyson and McDonald’s is doing I heard this president I heard this actual codes actually in a conference that I put on on on serious games I heard this person who was grant-funded talking about this amazing teacher and I was her to give you his exact verbatim description let me tell you about this amazing science teacher some of his students were having trouble with a class module on the scientific method they were failing tests and papers about the scientific method the school featured the science teacher didn’t went to meet with these students after school and found them playing the computer game world for practices about three years ago so probably would have been minecraft today these students had charged they’ve made up in Discovery in World of Warcraft the science teacher made an incredible incredible discovery these world of warcraft playing students were actually applying the scientific method without even knowing about it so what this great science teacher did was to explain to this beauty slinks between their methodology and a scientific method from that point on the students ate that part of the curriculum okay so this is a traditional boy what a great teacher what it would a great happy story what a success this is from my perspective I almost took it exactly this I’m sitting there again I’m presenting this person and I’m grinding my teeth so for me I’m hearing going okay here’s a scenario where okay most importantly is the students taught themselves the material on their own way better view teacher did who failed utterly okay so first of all you know teacher failed utterly kids taught themselves secondly the teacher applied a testing method all you didn’t pick up the fact these kids actually knew this material better than anyone else did so okay failure in teaching failure in testing methodology to pick it up the students

the system could have easily failed the students who knew the stuff the best the teachers goals and success metrics the motivation of the teacher was not to make sure the kids worry the stuff but for this but for the students to do well on tests and papers not master the material so why was it he teared even there the school wrapper around the self learning probably cost two thousand dollars or whatever in total cost of resources just to justify this failed instructional methodology testing methodology and so again it’s good the more you start start seeing the world through sort of an in-school the rules lens the more you start seeing some of the sort of obvious problems that we’re having and again in terms of methodology in terms of what success is and what we should be thinking about so one thing I’ve been doing every year is again I have a list of 55 unschooling rules and I look at them because part of my premise is that and I think it’s justifiable is that we are getting smarter even in schools and a lot of the ideas that unschoolers have come up with go through these various phases a lot of the unschooling concepts go from here crazy talk of saying if you present them to a school system they say oh no that is utterly insane – maybe eventually – oh my god this is an incredible idea let’s put a lot of money you know foundation funding behind it – let’s start implementing this stuff in things like National Science Foundation – let’s make this part of what schools are and so we’re seeing a bubbling up of unschooling concepts and again I’m using mine schooling rules as a as a packaging of them as a fixed point in time and then watching how these rules bubble up and so it’s fascinating to see two things first of all they are bubbling up a lot of the ideas that we thought of as crazy and that unschoolers were doing you know five years ago are starting to become increasingly mainstream of the none of them are quite yet so let me take you through sort of some of the scorecard frameworks so right now none of the rules that I’ve written out and run schooling rules are standard operating procedure so nothing is sort of mainstream yet some of these concepts no tooling rules are using these numbers are just the numbers of the rules are just are there for you sake if you care about learning start with food so we are seeing an appreciation that learning and food are tightly related on two different grounds one of them is the process of creating food is sort of the ultimate learning experience but also the way that you treat food is the way that you treat learning in most schools food is thought of as a prefab stuff that’s that’s boxed in and in big stores you know there that are prepared by low skilled workers at the point of need and served up to um students exactly the way that most schools handle food they actually handle most other forms of learning so there is a sort to appreciate that the time between two one computer in one spreadsheet software equals math piccola but the bat the best math curricula comes from spreadsheet if you want to teach your child math the best way to do that is to start learning how to use a good spreadsheet program whether Microsoft or whether Google or whatever all of the things that students actually need to know about math are baked into this you know into a spreadsheet because that’s how they’ve evolved I’ll go into a few more if you little more detail oh good Alison thank you so another part of it is computer games computer games went from when I first started writing about computer games 10 12 15 years ago as being educational models obviously people were nice to me but didn’t have any clue at all but the history of educational computer games has been a very you know relevant one from Carmen Sandiego an Oregon Trail by the way he just died of dysentery – Zoo Tycoon 2 some of the interesting ones like food force or Darfur is dying radiation on cancer McDonald’s video game a really harsh satire at McDonald’s really really harsh I think minecraft is now being appreciated as a really incredibly powerful engineering tool obviously things like fold up as well so again we have this incredible history of educational computer games that have grown up and have presented an alternative way of learning it kind of comes back to some of the early experiments with kittens and this is just go through really quickly it again is back in the day we need to do really horrible experiments with kittens take that aside for now um you know we had two cats one cat here who could walk around one cat here who is strapped into a gondola I know for cats these are kittens who had undeveloped visual cortexes the cat who could walk around and see the stimulation in context to their movie and learned about had eyes that work properly had eyes that they reacted to movement properly the same kitten who saw the exact same visual stimulation is a cat who moved but who’s stuck in the gondola never developed an appropriate visual cortex in other words activity and learning is much more important than sitting and listening to content like you’re doing now sorry about that so the notion of action a fundamental part of learning has always been there but again computer

games have allowed us to think about that more I have a model of learning that any make a bunch of models but here’s one Alfred take it do it very very quickly let’s call it genetic learning for lack of a better word right it’s not scalable it’s deemed worthless excellent point that’s unschooling becomes marginalized absolutely until it’s not and that again is the exciting transformation the scalable part is also interesting which is why computer games The Voice intrigued me because they are scalable in the model of genetic learning uh you have someone who has sort of initial levels of confidence in conviction and they’re given some challenge okay there’s the challenge and you know they have this and what I always measure is resolution and frustrations constant tension between the two resolution goes up I feel good about the world I am successful and I don’t really learn anything but I can get a little pat on the head I may be given another challenge and as I see this challenge my my feeling resolution goes down I get a little more frustrated in this case not a whole lot up failure I want to do something and I can’t failure hmm my frustration my frustration here goes gets a little higher or my feeling of satisfaction goes down try again usually trying the exact same things I tried before you know bang also failure and at that point my frustration is pretty is pretty high even this graph it looks pretty low but it’s pretty high and here comes this is the moment of learning right here I mean to me all of learning comes to this one that when I want to do something I’m motivated to do something but I can I hit a wall and then at this point literally the brain evolves or creates mutations of different strategies when I’m frustrated now I have to do something yes Adam welcome so glad you’re here this frustration leads to mutations on this case you know let’s make up some get a running start add some strengths change dried latex or whatever the point is there’s some fresh frustration we evolved and the more we understand why failure occurred then we confer to try different approaches and in computer games to evening things like trophies can increase the variety and strategies that we then apply we are successful or some of our me Haitians are successful and then we’ve learned something and that’s really to me the the absolute core model of learning is this this pattern of self-directed frustration resolution again computer games understand this brilliantly obviously textbooks do not in most classrooms do not and again increasingly how do we manage so carefully this frustration resolution cycle so that we allow students to increase their capacity in a very self-motivated way and again this is this model is not unfamiliar hi Sabrina you know this is how genes and if you are a biotech company in San Francisco right now this is how you’re evolving your genes you know you’re looking at success patterns and the notion of mutations through scaffolding again is a very predictable one in the Biosciences and one that we have to increasingly think of as we think about developing students behaviors especially for more complex skills like leadership where there are some easy answers and some hard answers a lot of cases what we are teaching people in things like leadership is what not to do as much as what to do because again in all these top skill areas there is no easy you know for there are no easy answers all the time that’s why they’re they’re hard skills another category which really annoys me is is this is one that really pisses me off the most I’m sorry but language is you know we’re treating some of these things like they’re giant thought leading breakthroughs when they break through the press like oh my god tests don’t work really oh who would have possibly thought such a thing um similarly again we know that the way to learn anything is to first to explore it in the play then the add rigor if you want to learn to ride a bicycle or okay let’s you want to learn to swim what you do is you first get in the pool and scare you might kill you or the ocean or something and then you screw around you play you hold your breath and then eventually you add rigor okay here’s a breast growth exercise we know this this is no one is baffled about this but unless you have exploring and playing you cannot add rigor so I can say you know if I’m going to teach you calculus I want to say how do I get you to explore calculus how do I either play with calculus like a big old sandbox and then only then do we we add rigor but the notion of the schools today is all rigor new exploration in play how do we make things harder and more serious while not realizing that no one ever learns that way it is an absolutely totally unproven learning model so again we’re in the states where at least this part of the unschooling observations are in the oh my god who could have possibly thought of such a thing and of course the answer is uh everyone in the notion of college once again college Wow who could have possibly imagined that we have colleges that rise above the cost of inflation every year for about 30 years at some point people are going to stop being able to pay for them who could imagine such a crazy bin so we can

right now work early in this college crisis and again on the good news is being acknowledged as a college crisis the bad news is that it’s kind of hard to figure out for the a good actual solution but when I look at colleges I look at it from two different perspectives I look at it from the supply side and the demand side from the demand side is what do people who are hiring people and why at the entry level is it an entrepreneurship model or an enterprise model then I’m looking at supply-side of saying do we believe that there are multiple philosophies of education or is there one golden path so back in the olden days like ten years ago you know large corporations and a lot of the hiring of college graduates so you have the notion of the indenter graduate okay you leave college or the big debt load but you also have space in institutions that you’re going to that you’re going to work your way out of it you can have your data then how to have a good life now this again is the one golden path and the enterprise thing ah if you start believing increasingly in a diversity of education but still large corporations are going to be doing the hiring you can get more and more for this portfolio model it’s more important you have a portfolio of accomplishments then you do have your one golden diploma however this whole side is getting really really challenged and sort of the Entrepreneurship on the demand side is getting more and more powerful as Leo Laporte on this week in text ed you know college a lot of kids know today that in order to have a good job they have to create it not expect someone else to to hire them for it so in this case we have two different models of Education we still have the one golden path in this case the universities have a lot more nimble they don’t focus as much on the big diploma they have to be a lot cheaper but they serve a variety of purposes but if you really start believing in the new philosophies of education as there being multiple and also an entrepreneurship demand side then we’re almost hitting this world of the new existentialism that there are no rules anymore there’s no path that is going to help you and so again college now increasingly becomes the hardest milling decision you ever have to make there’s no right solutions for navigating the college thing just this morning this is how current we are nothing’s in post students debt may damage grads lives more than we realize Gallup finds convinces Huffington Post today I also have what’s called the Soviet line theorem which is a lot of people want to get into the best schools and as more and more people want to get into the best schools there’s more and more competition pretty soon people start thinking hot if there’s that much competition for the best schools they must be worth it because otherwise it wouldn’t be so much competition this is kind of like back in the old Soviet Union where literally if there’s a long line and you were walking by a long line you stopped and you got into that long line even know what was being offered didn’t even know what’s being served you just know boy if there’s a long line I should get in it and so I think a lot of even the best schools let alone a lot of these massive get schools are having this whole Soviet line theorem which is I’m going to do it because it must be valuable because it wasn’t too valuable everybody be doing it and I think this is heard of the whole you know the whole academic level this is supposed to be a bubble and my attempt to draw a highlight turn in little black widow spider anyway so again the notion of colleges right now is being rightfully savaged as it should again don’t read all this decides will be available later on lots of interesting things just very very recently in the last couple of weeks about four years be telling kids to sit still and pay attention that’s all wrong in Slate Magazine from from couple days ago few days before that Washington Post why should we kiss can’t sit still in school today a couple days before that and the Atlantic happened and keeps kids focused through free play and ice cold I wasn’t sure that the American coach would ever work very well my students estates it always seemed to drive to feed after about 45 minutes in the classroom excellent for food as well so again these are all this is like last week but last two weeks this isn’t like digging back in the research of this philosophy that unschoolers have always have always embodied is now sort of like oh my god here’s this you know who would have possibly imagined that putting a bunch of hyperactive kids in a room making still missing someone talk would be a bad idea you know oh my god amazing features portfolio is not transcript increasingly we have to create for kids records of their accomplishments not just things badges here badges were hot another you hear less about them but I still think they’re incredibly important to to figure out how to get the right badges for people I know a lot of hiring institutions that work with are hiring based on badges more than diplomas so a really important concept here also again increasing the notion of of most of the critical schools are not taught me most of critical skills are not taught in schools and once again I think this is being appreciated but no one knows how to solve this problem you know how would you teach entrepreneurship well I know don’t go to school so again this notion of we need to teach things that we really can’t well you leave that one for now so once again one one realization that

unschoolers have had is there a critical skill seldom taught in schools like leadership project management innovation relationship management planning long term oh yeah behaving ethically we forgot to teach that montane developing security so again there’s this notion that simply the most important skills now a lot of school organizations are realizing these are important but they have no method all of these in place so you a school can say leadership is really important but a school cannot right now say okay then in that case we’ll teach and test for leadership they simply don’t know how to and can we really teach some of these ah we can we can make significant progress but not using the methodologies that we have today so we’ll get need a little bit about some of the approaches that we can teach we you know we can’t not teach them even though some things like leadership let me takes a little more seriously Allison I can’t teach you leadership but I can teach you what not to do in leadership I can teach you it’s easier to teach someone worst practices in leadership don’t bully people don’t demand results of people understand why don’t what Evers a lot of really really good things not to do and you can mentor me absolutely so a lot of these most I mean their things their project management where you can teach people how to do things things like innovation where in some cases it is more effective T so and what not to do than what to do and that’s a whole different issue but still important there are a lot of unschooling principles that are I think schools will admit are good ideas but they also are not realistic I think we have tremendous curriculum bloat right now and the notion of reading riting and rithmetic actually being the core skills needs to be we brought back customization every single teacher will say customization is important and very very few actually know how to do that internships apprenticeships and interesting jobs beat term papers textbooks and tests you know if you want to learn something and again I’ve done a lot of work interviewing our top cybersecurity people in both private and government agencies as I’ve talked to all of these top cybersecurity people they say no I didn’t go to college because College will teach me all the wrong things but what did work for me was internships apprenticeships interesting jobs and everything that products you add here are our peer to peer groups so if I’m a cyber security expert schools are absolutely useless for me they teach me the wrong thing because they’re too slow but if I can talk to peers and I can join peer groups that is how I can learn things build more consume less the notion of education being a consuming experience which is what it currently is versus a building experience is something that’s interesting what a person learns in the classrooms how to be a person in the classroom but also all of these things are starting to be appreciated intellectually but no one really knows how to implement them outside of unschooling rules environment feed passion and embrace excellence again for all the children there’s something they love more than anything else how do you allow them to spend the time to feed that passion and embrace their excellence rather than great mediocrity before the academic false dichotomy of the cultural literacy track of the patient track again that increasingly we’re seeing both of these being critical there is no you know the gold star versus the brown room you know every single good education needs to combine both vocational and cultural literacy or more specifically practical not just not not just symbolic here’s a really really big one that I think is just starting to bubbly I’m teaching these leadership most teaching is bad leadership and I think we’re understanding the difference between different types of leadership and I’ll be specific here there’s you know one type of leadership is directive directive is what I’m doing right now I’m telling you what to do I need you to believe that I’m smarter than you by the way I’m not I need you to trust me as the authority with all the answers by the way I’m not it’s a model of directive leadership and right now most schools have a directive leadership model versus a collaborative leadership where you say how can I help you accomplish your goals and so you know you can look at different kinds of leadership styles in their application you know a lecture a test a braided paper is directive or transactional transactional is I’m going to bribe you if you do the job I’m writing my paper I’ll give you a gold star and a what it’s good for it’s good for predictable process improvement I can’t ever make you be innovate innovative using a lecturer test a graded paper but I can teach you little tiny things that you can do so the impact and your result is very very short-term and it’s very it’s effective in the short term which is why a lot of schools use it but it’s really really bad in the long term in fact it often has the opposite effect what I demand that you do right now you will grow to hate and resent and figure out reasons why I was a mistake in the long term simulations in labs again in this middle ground a type of leadership called directive collaborative and participative it’s pretty good for applicable skills and conviction I learned why some things are important good long-term and then really if you want to get this discovery and ownership of new ideas then you need things like microcosms and real-world projects this is a form of leadership called

collaboration and participated and that is the only thing that has very long term results so can I teach you leadership no but I think you two mistakes in leadership and again the notion of understanding different leadership techniques is one of the great failings of school and again I think we’re just starting to get into that and again if you want to read more about this then some of the best stuff has been done under from Gary you go any questions there and I’m sorry I’m talking off the past I’m do apologize for that you questions at this point or that have come up so far okay fantastic so one other aspect here as we saw in schools are just starting to realize that unschoolers have already known learning requires emotions in order Excel house and thinking learning requires emotions in order to learn anything your brain simply need some chemicals it brain you’re learning does not happen unless there’s emotions now the real tragedy is fear is the MSG of emotions in school fear is cheap and easy I can make you afraid if I’m a teacher if you don’t do what you’re supposed to do you’re going to fall behind all your peers will think you’re stupid you won’t get a job you won’t have a life bubble bubble one fear is the MSG thank you very much to CD I do appreciate it um it doesn’t as you as you look into learning theory as you look into leadership Theory a lot of this whole stuff that come from work a lot a lot more clear but if you’re going to so the reason every single one of us crammed for tests in school every single one of us no matter how good of a student we were we cram for tests well why do we cram for tests we’re all smart we all know that cramming is painful and frustrating why do we cram for cuts the reason we did is because we were cheating up our own emotion these case fear we cram for tests because we only could only learn you only learn anything when use emotions we don’t care about material we’re given in most school context if we get afraid if we gin up our own fear if we put put ourselves in a panic mode then that panic will help us learn the materials in the short term enough to write it down on the test and get a good grade I’m sure most of us got very good grades but it has at least two impacts a is we don’t remember it for very long we have no conviction around the material itself and also eventually over time we start actually showing signs of post-traumatic stress and I do believe if you look at a lot of a lot of students especially those who go on a graduate school get their PhDs they still exhibit post-traumatic stress symptoms decades past the pack we have the bumble I know one PhD who kept his diploma above his bed because he woke up and cold sweat almost every other night thinking that he was failing out so again here is not at the phenomenal fear is a direct input that is used in most school systems today as a substitute for much more authentic emotions like enthusiasm excitement passion whatever lots of the unschooling philosophies fall into this category of hmm I haven’t really given any thought but let me think about it and I think it’s not right now one of them again creating these periods of reflection learn something because you need it or because you love it a really important concept of learning and by the way if you teach them differently if you need something like reading riting and rithmetic again ideally you teach everything in the context of love it let’s take what you love and we’ll teach you everything around is if a clever over time we can teach you the important things that we think you have to know in the context of things you love realistically there may be some things that fall through the cracks in this case we now need to shift to a more directive mode in order to force some kids things to be learned so one of the things here too is animals are better than books about animals one of the great tomah’s of education today is again this is a variation of this is not a pipe the famous French painting once we start confusing symbolic symbolism and representations of reality with reality and it’s the problem I actually face all the time building simulations and serious games once you start confusing those we get into a lot of trouble we do have do it again if you’re a factory you hate this if you’re a school you hate this but the reality is is that the reality is interesting reality is fascinating reality develops passions in interest in a way that books and texts in lectures simply cannot so we need to constantly fight our own desire to over sanitized things to make things more efficient less messy because in this environment in this mess enos things are learned when I was interviewing John Seely Brown who’s used to be the chief scientist at Xerox PARC facility that ultimately created things like the mouse and Ethernet you know he certainly acknowledged that up them up until high school he learned a lot more

about physics by going outside and fixing his lawnmower than he ever did in class now obviously at some point his own experience couldn’t keep up with with the environments the school supported and but you know this notion of things get learned in reality when you talked about you know leadership and project management relationship management can you teach those maybe maybe not but certainly you need to create very authentic environments to UM to allow those skills to evolve on its own to hit that evolutionary in genetic learning model we talked about earlier on the notion of including meaningful work meaningful work how do I help you meaningful work is not drawing the butterfly picture to put on the refrigerator meaningful work is if I’m an old person helping with my groceries or in this case helping you set up a blog page or do a Facebook so the concept of meaningful meaningful work is something that again without it no kid ever develops passion where it’s much harder to develop passions is most hard to develop a sense of who you are unless you have a lot of again meaningful work not not not you know go I mean going to the old folks home singing Christmas song is okay but going to the old folks home and helping with the medicine is actually more important or helping with the groceries or traveling the walk or something so again the notion of meaningful work could it be important I’m screwing rule number one first thing when I was interviewing all of these home scores on scores there are three types of learning learning to know which is what schools are really good at learning to be Who am i learning to do how do I do things they couldn’t do before and again any kind of good school curriculum has all three of those this is a concept that is just starting to bubble up finally there’s all these unschooling rules up but I put into the CrazyTalk category these are things that homeschoolers and unschoolers have already discovered yeah Thank You Alison these are all things that home scores and not schools have already discovered that schools are not even close to figuring out parents care more than any institution about their children schools continue in a way that’s really absolutely horrible if you listened in on school conversations teachers off-hours a lot of time they spend saying let me tell you about bad parents let me tell you about this one parent who who couldn’t even do anything let me say those other kid who is a professional who’s so busy with their career they never help to consider the amount of anti parent conversation that happens in a lot of the back rooms of most schools is really really offensive to me as a human being and it’s something that we letting we’ve let school sort of percolate on their own that the notion that parents are the enemies in any kind of framework is absolutely counter to the ideal class sizes in 30 or 15 but more like five that sounds crazy but it actually is something that can be worked through expose more keysight’s exposure in a lot of cases is more important minimize the drop-off so I’m getting some you all out there one one of the big one of the big unschooling rules is that again a lot of you all know about the schools are starting to figure out is increasingly exposure to non authority adults a lot of adults have their own passions that along we put in position a babysitter but they do want to share their experience with kids and so you know something that all home school or some schoolers do who are successful is how do we get non-authority for your adults to share their knowledge and passions I want to put them in charge of our kids but we do want them to overlap and agree with them use better models and classrooms again also you mentioned how do you teach leadership well you have all of these techniques out there from music in art class to improv to book clubs to writing groups garage bands movie making startup businesses world of warcraft Facebook’s 4-h to to farmers summer camps YMCA internships and volunteering family trips pickup sports organized sports and self say whatever we there’s so many models out there that are better within classrooms and again so how do we get kids spending more time in all of these kinds of environments and less so in this traditional school again family trips you know how many teachers work hard to talk a family out of going on a trip or taking your children out of school for a week to go on a family trip again you mention that to those pitchers knee go ballistic I don’t care if you’re going to Delft the Netherlands and looking around their culture is much more important for your time to be if you spend a week in class and again that just to me is such a good symptom of that we’re just totally insane so the big conclusion here the the big aha is the big conclusion of a lot of the home scores on scores I was interviewing talked me to is literally education individualistic easy to say let me spend a little more that every single person has skills that they are better at than anyone else in the world okay that we’re all better at some things and other people in the world we also have beliefs and passions there are some things that bother us more or get us excited more so we all have individual skills are different from everyone else we all have beliefs and passions are different for everyone else and the goal of Education the only goal of Education in my mind is to align what we’re best at with what we care most about through

a series of projects where we can test and hone and explore and then careers where we can actually be self-sustaining by doing it this is the only only goal of Education for a good life align what you are doing with what you do well with what you want to do with what you think is important to do in it growing in sustainable way okay that is the goal of Education and it’s different for every single person on some cases someone might be very good at biology love animals you know explore through 4-h and become a veterinarian for other people it may be great at math and logic they really have a problem because a lot of great people can’t find meaningful work through programming assignments start a software company that allows this to happen so this is the point and the only point of education anything that does not support this inherent model which in this case is mostly schools is going to come up against problems anything that does support this again this is this is a sailing with the wind behind you as opposed to in the canoe with a fork trying to paddle this is the you know this is the model of how all education has to be structured and as long as we’re fighting against that we’re doing the corollary frankly is what we have today the corollary is education is not in some quite the definition of quality but if the education is not individualistic in which case education is a lottery if your skills and interests line up with schools then you win if you don’t they don’t line up your loops and so schools do provide plenty of plenty of winners but just a lot more losers as they’re designed to do and it’s a right now a hugely problematic and immoral immoral system and so the question comes constantly how do you get there so once again I’m going to sort of end on where I started off with which is saying you know no we’re not going to ever have nor should we ever have a model where everyone on schools and home schools schools will always be around it you know because they have the killer app of daycare which is incredibly important for a lot of people an important meaning useful amount of state because actually is important but in order to get to the future of Education there’s no question that these two communities are going to have to come closer together and by the way the knowledge transfer is going to be that way you know schools have to learn a lot more but unschooling and unschooling principals how do we teach outside of these weird artificial constraints of the factory floor attending the today’s education system in order to evolve to a much richer much more dynamic future of education system cheri task needs your question yes I will have a president copy this presentation available to everyone and yes to also be recorded so I talk too far too fast I use a directive leadership style rather than a good collaborative one which is wrong of me having said that any questions we have two minutes left and or all the stuff will be available anybody wants to ask questions raise your hand and I can give you microphone privileges Alison um champion how do you guys mind if you’ve got a microphone you can speak hello can you hear me I don’t know how are you okay I’m gay I’m gay you hear your voice finally this isn’t fun so yeah so I feel like I’m a teacher but I am NOT the kind of teacher that you would be in a public in a public school at all so favorably I search kids and mentor kids and help like help them find you know those things that match up with the things that they’re good at get them all help I help align them my good I do singing what in rooms with kids and we talk about content and you know so we we have a disagreement and not disagreement but a discussion about whether we should call ourselves teachers so I’m interested in your thoughts on like the use of the term teacher to apply to this bigger area you know there’s really not like a teacher standing in front of a class grading papers and whatever you know Jeremy you know it sounds like you are a teacher of the past I mean your teacher of the old model of teacher and teacher of the future model year for those the once and future teacher as opposed to current teacher so I you know I I hate giving up the word teacher to the current administrative philosophy of it so I think you’re definitely I would I would take pride in calling yourself the teacher and at the same time you know redefine it and so if you need some kind of a stretch or some kind of you know some kind of thing temporarily to to put in front of it you know II learning as opposed to learning even though all learning is you know this is a at some point so I think it’s great I know I would stick with the teacher framework at the same time you have some kind of asterisks to say this is something that is evolving to what it will be you know a prototype of the future teacher rather than you know then say is an administrative person get a good idea

credit over the future teacher yes so cool thanks Thank You sounds excellent were you doing thanks thanks yeah other questions but by the way I think I threw the presentation in Dropbox so I think if you clip it you’ll download it and it’s long enough I’ll fix that problem other questions or thoughts again you can either talk or type or something else X and then thank you so much oh good I’m so glad the presentation downloaded feel free to use it I really don’t care about umm I mean cite me if you want don’t if you don’t I don’t care about getting credit I care about this stuff getting into conversations so again feel free to steal anything here what’s the greatest challenge to get a social education to understand the value of experience learning um it’s tough because again computer games have started that model which is great starting I started getting into into description so computer games are the are the entry-level drug into experiential learning is I think that’s happening having said that we really got into a Minecraft or something is probably you know this most scalable tool to get people thinking about about a lot of these issues so I think I think that the the challenge is always in a in a in a in our education model is how do you make this stuff easy and scalable what teachers want need today is easy and scalable and the harder it is and the more work is the the less it’s going to do so once again that’s where things like um you know computer games are a really good entry level drug into into this kind of thing one more question maybe Allison you’ve still got some microphone rights if you want to ask a question go ahead oh yeah so my question is about um you know mediate vision for where this is going to go but I feel like is a tipping point at which the homeschooling rule the unschooling I come home to lament willing winner the unspooling rules are going to people are going to start valuing them more and more schools maybe won’t but the parents will the families will the communities will and I feel like there’s a tipping point where the you know so do you see a future of where because I don’t think what I do with kids at a center we have you know 30 kids and whatever I don’t think that’s the new future I think we’re just sort of doing that in in the meantime and putting pressure on a system that isn’t working for these kids well I think it is a future I mean first of all I believe the future is diversity not not homogeneous so it is the future and I frankly what you’re doing will catch on and will grow and and there’s no question that more people will be doing what you’re doing 10 years now than are doing it right now so you are both on the right side of history and frankly I think you’re making history so so that is happening one of the points out sort of the unbelievable scorecard at least from my own perspective is seeing these ideas percolating up we are seeing you know a lot of these ideas that are getting more popular and so as that’s happening you know we kind of have to grab on to them and praise it but again the JIT just just put this up I mean these are all articles that appeared last like two weeks saying boy maybe having everyone sit down in the classroom all day is a bad idea I mean it’s obvious I mean the but still you know we are seeing some progress I think we have to you have to keep the progress that we make we have to celebrate the progress that is being made I’ll be can’t let things Ratchet back down as they’re tending to do and you know the system is cracking and then the system has showing so many times of cracking that you know we just need a a better occasion and so it’s going to be III think it’s inevitable the other thing too again is the cost of schools and you know you’re actually going to start seeing more and more musicality bankrupts bankruptcies happening because of the cost of schools so I figured a lot of factors that are in concocting I actually think we’re we’re less closer to your tipping point and I think you might think you are and again we saw in Bhutan newspapers go away and web rise you know over ten year time and I think we’ll probably hit the same kind of giant transformation here very very quickly I think colleges have been this incredible place where in the number of real conversations of us formalizes Testament has gone up the number of real making there are so many cybersecurity people by interviewing says before who did not go to college in took a few classes and said I’m learning

the wrong thing in school I I know so much more than seniors do so I think you’re seeing cracks all the way around the edges you’re also seeing I’m going to call the conversation about college debt load you know we happen to make people pay for colleges and on the template for high school but the same philosophy a lot of the kids who went I know a lot of people who want to superb schools who went to Harvard who went to Boden who went to whatever and you know ten years out have not been successful and they’re struggling to pay back student student loans as on again Huffman code so you know those are all these incredible cracks that are just getting worse it’s not like oh yeah we talked about that once and now it’s better these are our cracks that are you know the goodness is this morning this was in this morning’s Huffington Post so you know I think all this stuff is is crashing down excellent I’m out forward to thank you all very much Thank You Clark I’m posting now but hopefully it came out by the different sessions that are happening now – this isn’t simply posted okay thank you very very much clapping thank to everybody we got to go along for the noose to the other sessions yes it was very valuable you