Life in the UK test (2020) ✅️ (episode 8) 🎓 'Britain: A modern, thriving society' 🇬🇧

hi are you taking the life in the UK test this video is the 8th in a series of videos by me showing you how to prepare for and pass the test it contains all the knowledge and facts you need to have to pass the test first time and if you’d like to subscribe and click the notification bell to get my updates when I release them please do please also put any questions you have in the comments below and I will answer them good luck with the test ok so in this video we’re going to cover the life in the UK test materials for chapter 5 of the official government guide to the life in the UK test if you stay to the end of this video you will find some example questions by me from the life in the UK tests on this topic including some of the more tricky ones so that you can test your knowledge the UK today the UK today is a more diverse society than it was 100 years ago in both ethnic and religious terms post-war immigration means that nearly 10 percent of the population has a parent or grandparent born outside of the UK the UK continues to be a multinational and multi-religious section will tell you about the different parts of the UK and some of the important places it will also explain some of the UK’s traditions and customs and some popular activities that take place the nations of the UK the UK is located in the northwest of Europe the longest distance on the mainland is from John O’Groats on the north coast of Scotland to Lands End in the southwest corner of England it is about 870 miles approximately 1400 kilometers most people live in towns and cities but much of Britain is still countryside many people continue to visit the countryside for holidays and for leisure activities such as walking camping and fishing the cities of the UK are London Birmingham Liverpool Leeds Sheffield still manchester bradford newcastle upon tyne plymouth Southampton and Norwich in Wales Cardiff Swansea and Newport in Northern Ireland Belfast in Scotland Edinburgh Glasgow Dundee and Aberdeen as for capital cities in Scotland the capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh the capital city of Wales is Cardiff the capital city of Northern Ireland is Belfast the currency in the UK is the pound sterling there are 100 pence in a pound the denominations or values of currency are in coins 1 P 2 P 5 P 10 P 20 P 50 P 1 pound and 2 pounds 4 notes 5 pounds 10 pounds 20 pounds and 50 pounds Northern Ireland and Scotland have their own banknotes which are valid everywhere in the UK however shops and businesses do not have to accept them there are many variations in language in the different parts of the UK the English language has many accents and dialects in Wales many people speak Welsh a completely different language from English and it is taught in schools and universities in Scotland Gaelic again a different language is spoken in some parts of the Highlands and Islands and in Northern Ireland some people speak Irish Gaelic this table shows how the population of the UK has changed over time population growth has been faster in recent years migration to the UK and longer life expectancy have played a major part in the population growth the population is very unequally distributed over the four parts of the UK England more or less consistently makes up 84 percent of the total population Wales around five percent Scotland just over eight percent and Northern Ireland less than three percent here is the population

distribution across the UK an ageing population people in the UK are living longer than ever before this is due to improved living standards and better healthcare there are now a record number of people aged 85 and over this has an impact on the cost of pensions and healthcare ethnic diversity the UK population is ethnically diverse and changing rapidly especially in large cities such as London it is not always easy to get an exact picture of the ethnic origin of all the population there are people in the UK with ethnic origins from all over the world in surveys the most common ethnic description chosen is white which includes people of European Australian Canadian New Zealand and American descent other significant groups are those of Asian black and mixed descent and equal society within the UK it is a legal requirement that men and women should not be discriminated against because of their gender or because they are or are not married they have equal rights to work on property marry and divorce if they are married both parents are equally responsible for their children women in Britain today make up about half of the total workforce on average girls leave school with better qualifications than boys more women than men study at university employment opportunities for women are much greater than they were in the past women work in all sectors of the economy and there are now more women in high-level positions than ever before including senior managers in traditionally male-dominated occupations alongside this men now work in more varied jobs than they did in the past it is no longer expected that women should stay at home and not work women often continue to work after having had children in many families today both partners work and both share responsibility for childcare and household chores religion the UK is historically a Christian country in the 2009 citizenship survey 70% of people identified themselves as Christian much smaller proportions identified themselves as Muslim 4% Hindu 2% Sikh 1% Jewish or Buddhist both less than 0.5% and 2% of people followed another religion there are religious buildings for other religions all over the UK however everyone has the legal right to choose their religion or to choose not to practice a religion in the citizenship survey 21% of people said that they had no religion Christian churches in England there is a constitutional link between church and state the official Church of the state is the Church of England called the Anglican Church in other countries and the Episcopal Church in Scotland and the United States it is a Protestant Church and has existed since the Reformation in the 1530s the monarch is head of the Church of England the spiritual leader of the Church of England is the Archbishop of Canterbury the monarch has the right to select the archbishop and other senior church officials but usually the choice is made by the Prime Minister and a committee appointed by the church several Church of England bishops sit in the House of Lords in Scotland the National Church is the Church of Scotland which is a Presbyterian Church it is governed by

ministers and elders the chairperson of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is the moderator who is appointed for one year only and often speaks on behalf of that church there is no established Church in Wales or Northern Ireland other Protestant Christian groups in the UK are Baptists Methodists Presbyterians and Quakers there are also other denominations of Christianity the biggest of which is the Roman Catholic patron saints days England Scotland Wales and Northern Ireland each have a national saint called a patron saint each saint has a special day the 1st of March st. David’s Day for Wales 17th of March since Patrick’s Day Northern Ireland 23rd of April st. George’s Day England 30th of November st. Andrew’s Day Scotland only Scotland and Northern Ireland have their patron saint Day as an official holiday although in Scotland not all businesses and offices will closed events are held across Scotland Northern Ireland and the rest of the country especially where there are a lot of people of Scottish Northern Irish and Irish heritage while the patron saints days are no longer public holidays in England and Wales they are still celebrated parades and small festivals are held over the two countries the main Christian festivals Christmas Day the 25th of December celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ it is a public holiday many Christians go to church on Christmas Eve the 24th of December or on Christmas Day itself Christmas is celebrated in a traditional way people usually spend the day at home and eat a special meal which often includes roast turkey Christmas pudding and mince pies they give gifts sent cards and decorate their houses Christmas is a special time for children very young children believe that father Christmas also known as Santa Claus brings them presents during the night before Christmas Day many people decorate a tree in their home Boxing Day is the day after Christmas Day and is a public holiday Easter takes place in March or April it marks the death of Jesus Christ on Good Friday and his rising from the dead on Easter Sunday both Good Friday and the following Monday called Easter Monday are public holidays the 40 days before Easter are known as Lent it is a time when Christians take time to reflect and prepare for Easter traditionally people would fast during this period and today many people will give something up like a favorite food the day before Lent starts is called Shrove Tuesday or pancake day people eat pancakes which were traditionally made to use up foods such as eggs fat and milk before fasting Lent begins on Ash Wednesday there are church services where Christians are marked with an ash cross on their forehead as a symbol of death and sorrow for sin Easter is also celebrated by people who are not religious Easter eggs are chocolate eggs often given as presents at Easter as a symbol of new life other religious festivals Diwali normally falls in October or November and lasts for 5 days it is often called the festival of lights it is celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs it celebrates the victory of good over evil and the gaining of knowledge there are different stories about how the festival came about there is a famous celebration of Diwali in Leicester Chanukah is in November or December and is celebrated for eight days it is to remember the Jews struggle for religious freedom on each day of the festival a candle is lit on a stand from eight candles called a menorah to remember the story of the festival where oil that should have lasted only a day

did so for 8e d celebrates the end of Ramadan when Muslims have fasted for a month they thank Allah for giving them the strength to complete the fast the date when it takes place changes every year Muslims attend special services and meals other festivals and traditions new year the 1st of January is a public holiday people usually celebrate on the night of the 31st of December called New Year’s Eve in Scotland the 31st of December is called hog money and the 2nd of January is also a public holiday for some Scottish people hog money is a bigger holiday than Christmas Valentine’s Day the 14th of February is when lovers exchange cards and gifts sometimes people send anonymous cards to someone they secretly admire April Fool’s Day the 1st of April is a day when people play jokes on each other until midday the television and newspapers often have stories that are April Fool jokes Mothering Sunday or Mother’s Day is the Sunday three weeks before Easter children send cards or buy gifts for their mothers Father’s Day is the third Sunday in June children send cards or buy gifts for their fathers Halloween the 31st of October is an ancient festival and has roots in the pagan festival to mark the beginning of winter young people will often dress up in frightening costumes to play trick or treat people give them treats to stop them playing tricks on them the lots of people carve lanterns out of pumpkins and then put a candle inside bonfire night the 5th of November is an occasion when people in Great Britain set off fireworks at home or in special displays the origin of this celebration was an event in 16:05 when a group of Catholics led by Guy Fawkes failed in their plan to kill the Protestant King with a bomb in the houses of parliament Remembrance Day the 11th of November commemorates those who died fighting for the UK and its allies originally it commemorated the dead of the first world war which ended on the 11th of November 1918 people wear poppies the red flower found in battlefields of the first world war at 11 a.m. there is a two-minute silence and wreaths are laid at the Cenotaph in Whitehall London bank holidays as well as those mentioned previously there are other public holidays each year called bank holidays when banks and many other businesses are closed for the day these are of no religious significance they are at the beginning of May in late May or early June and in August in Northern Ireland the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne in July is also a public holiday Sport sports of all kinds play an important part in many people’s lives there are several sports that are particularly popular in the UK many sporting events take place at major stadiums such as Wembley Stadium in London and the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff local governments and private companies provide sports facilities such as swimming pools tennis courts football pitches dry ski slopes and gymnasiums many famous sports including cricket football lawn tennis golf and rugby began in Britain the UK has hosted the Olympic Games on three occasions 1908 1948 and 2012 the main Olympic site for the 2012 games was in Stratford East London the British team was very successful across a wide range of Olympic sports finishing third in the metal table the Paralympic Games for 2012 were also hosted in London the Paralympics have their origin in the work of Sir Ludvik Goodman a German refugee at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Buckinghamshire dr. Goodman developed new methods of treatment for people with spinal injuries and encouraged patients to take part in exercise and sport notable

British sportsmen and women Sir Roger Bannister born 1929 was the first man in the world to run a mile in under four minutes in 1954 sir Jackie Stewart born 1939 is a Scottish former racing driver who won the Formula One World Championship three times Bobby Moore born 1941 to 1993 captained the English football team that won the World Cup in 1966 Sir Ian Botham born 1955 captained the English cricket team and holds a number of English cricket records both for batting and for bowling jane Torvill 1957 and Christopher Deane born 1958 won gold medals for ice dancing at the Olympic Games in 1984 and in four consecutive World Championships sir steve redgrave born 1962 won gold medals in rowing in five consecutive Olympic Games and is one of Britain’s greatest Olympians Baroness tanni grey-thompson born 1969 is an athlete who uses a wheelchair and 116 Paralympic medals including 11 gold medals in races over five Paralympic Games she won the London Marathon six times and broke a total of 30 World Records Dame Kelly Holmes born 1970 won two gold medals for running in the 2004 Olympic Games she has held a number of British and European Records Dame Ellen MacArthur born 1976 is a yachts woman and in 2004 became the fastest person to sail around the world single-handed Sir Chris Hoy born 1976 is a Scottish cyclist who has won six gold and one silver Olympic medals he is also won 11 world’s championship titles David Weir born 1979 is a Paralympian who uses a wheelchair and has won six gold medals over two Paralympic Games he has also won the London Marathon six times Bradley Wiggins born 1980 is a cyclist in 2012 he became the first Briton to win the Tour de France he has won seven Olympic medals including gold medals in 2004 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games Mo Farah born 1983 is a British distance runner born in Somalia he won gold medals in 2012 Olympics for the 5,000 and 10,000 metres and is the first Briton to win the Olympic gold medal in the 10,000 metres Jessica Ennis born 1986 is an athlete she won the 2012 Olympic gold medal in the heptathlon which includes seven different track and field events she also holds and of British athletics records Andy Murray born 1987 as a Scottish tennis player who in 2012 won the men’s singles in the US Open he is the first British man to win a singles title in a Grand Slam tournament since 1936 in the same year he won Olympic gold and silver medals and was the runner-up in the men’s singles at Wimbledon Ellie Simmonds born 1994 is a Paralympian who won gold medals for swimming at the 2008 and 2012 Paralympic Games and holds a number of World Records she was the youngest member of the British team at the 2008 games cricket cricket originated in England and is now played in many countries games can last up to five days but still result in a draw the idiosyncratic nature of the game and its complex laws are said to reflect the best of the British character and sense of fair play you may come across expressions such as rain stops play

batting on a sticky wicket playing a straight bat bowled a googly or it’s just not cricket which have passed into everyday usage the most famous competition is the ashes in which a series of test matches is played between England and Australia football football is the UK’s most popular sport it has a long history in the UK and the first professional football clubs were formed in the late 19th century England Scotland Wales and Northern Ireland each have separate leagues in which clubs representing different towns and cities compete the English Premier League attracts a huge international audience many of the best players in the world play in the Premier League many UK teams also compete in competitions such as the Union of European Football Association Champions League most towns and cities have a professional Club and people take great pride in supporting their home team there can be great rivalry between different football clubs and among fans each country in the UK also has its own national team that competes with other national teams across the world in tournaments such as FIFA and UEFA England’s only international tournament victory was at the World Cup of 1966 hosted in the UK football is also a popular sport to play in many local communities with people playing amateur games every week in parks all over the UK rugby rugby originated in England in the early 19th century and is very popular in the UK today there are two different types of rugby which have different rules Union and League both have separate leagues and national teams in England Wales Scotland and Northern Ireland you play with the Irish Republic teams from all countries compete in a range of competitions the most famous rugby union competition is the Six Nations Championship between England Ireland Scotland Wales France and Italy the super league is the most well known rugby league competition horse-racing there is a very long history of horse-racing in Britain with evidence of events taking place as far back as Roman times the sport has a long association with royalty there are race courses all over the UK famous horse racing events include Royal Ascot a five-day race meeting in Berkshire attended by members of the royal family the Grand National at Aintree near Liverpool and the Scottish Grand National at AER there is a national horse racing museum in Newmarket Suffolk Golf the modern game of golf can be traced back to the 15th century Scotland it is a popular sport played socially as well as professionally there are public and private golf courses all over the UK st. Andrews in Scotland is known as the home of golf the Open Championship is the only major tournament held outside of the United States it is hosted by a different Golf Course each year tennis modern tennis evolved in England in the late 19th century the first tennis club was founded in lemming Tain’s BA in 1872 the most famous tournament hosted in Britain is the Wimbledon Championships which takes place each year at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club it is the oldest tennis tournament in the world and the only Grand Slam event played on grass water sports sailing continues to be popular in the UK reflecting our maritime heritage a British sailor Sir Francis Chichester was the first person to sail single-handedly around the world in 1966 to 1967 two years later Sir Robin Knox Johnson became the first person to do this without stopping many sailing events are held throughout the UK the most famous of which is at Calais on the out of white rowing is also popular both as a leisure activity and as a competitive sport there was a popular yearly race on the Thames between Oxford and Cambridge universities motor sports there was a long history of

motor sports in the UK for both cars and motorcycles motor car racing in the UK started in 1902 the UK continues to be a world leader in the development and manufacture of motor sport technology a Formula One Grand Prix event is held in the UK each year and a number of British grumpy drivers have won the Formula One World Championship recent British winners include Damon Hill Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button skiing is increasingly popular in the UK many people go abroad to ski and there are also dry ski slopes throughout the UK skiing on snow may also be possible during the winter there are five ski centres in Scotland as well as europe’s longest dry ski slope near edinburgh music music is an important part of British culture with a rich and varied heritage it ranges from classical music to modern pop there are many different venues and music events that take place across the UK the Proms is an eight-week summer season of orchestral classic music that takes place in various venues including the Royal Albert Hall in London it has been organised by the British Broadcasting Corporation the BBC since 1927 the last night of the Proms is the most well known concert and along with others in the series is broadcast on television classical music has been popular in the UK for many centuries Henry Purcell 1659 295 was the organist at Westminster Abbey he wrote church music operas and other pieces and developed a British style distinct from that elsewhere in Europe he continues to be influential on British composers the German born composer george frideric handel 1685 – 1759 spent many years in the UK and became a british citizen in 1727 he wrote the water music for King George the first and music for the Royal Fireworks for his son George the second both of these pieces continue to be very popular Handel also wrote an oratorio Messiah which is sung regularly by choirs often at Easter time more recently important composers include Gustav Holt 1874 to 1934 whose work includes the planets a suite of pieces themed around the planets of the solar system he adapted Jupiter part of the planets sweet as the tune for I vow to thee my country a popular hymn in British churches Sir Edward Elgar 1857 to 1934 was born in Worcester England his best-known work is probably the pomp and circumstance marches March number one Land of Hope and Glory is usually played at the last night of the Proms at the Royal Albert Hall Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872 to 1958 wrote music for orchestras and choirs he was strongly influenced by traditional English folk music so William Walton 1902 to 83 wrote a wide range of music from film scores to opera he wrote marches for the coronation of King George the 6th and Queen Elizabeth the second but his best-known works are probably facade which became a ballet and Belshazzar’s feast which was intended to be sung by a large choir benjamin britten 1913 – seventy is best known for his operas which include Peter Grimes and Billy Budd he also wrote a young person’s guide to the orchestra which is based on a piece of music by Purcell and introduces the listener to various different sections of an orchestra he founded the Arabic Festival in Suffolk which continues to be a popular music event of international importance other types of popular music including folk music jazz pop and rock music have flourished in Britain since the 20th century Britain has had some impact on popular music around the world due to the wide use of the English language

the UK’s cultural links with many countries and British capacity for invention and innovation are important since the 1960s British pop music has made one of the most important cultural contributions to life in the UK bands including the Beatles and The Rolling Stones continue to have an influence on music both here and abroad British pop music has continued to innovate for example the punk movement in the late 1970s and the trends towards boy and girl bands in the 1990s there are many large venues that host music events throughout the year such as Wembley Stadium the o2 in Greenwich South East London and the Scottish exhibition and Conference Centre in Glasgow festival season takes place across the UK every summer with various events taking place in different locations famous festivals include Gaston Bri the Isle of Wight Festival and the V Festival many bands and solo artists both well-known and up-and-coming perform at these events the Mercury Music Prize is awarded each September for the best album from the UK and Ireland the Brit Awards is an annual event that gives awards in a range of categories such as best group and best solo artist let’s have a look at some example questions from the life in the UK test in relation to this material Land of Hope and Glory is the work of which musician George Frederick Handel Gustav Holtz Edward Elgar the answer is Edward Elgar Sir Edward Elgar was born in Worcester England and one of his best-known works is Land of Hope and Glory usually played at the last night of the Proms at the Royal Albert Hall Ellie Simmonds is a well-known cyclist Paralympian artist the answer is Paralympian Ellie Simmonds is a Paralympian who won gold medals for swimming at the 2008 and 2012 Paralympian Games and holds a number of World Records what is the capital city of north niland Belfast thanks for watching if you’d like to check out the rest of the lessons in this series in total it contains all the knowledge and facts you need to have to pass the test first time if you have any questions on the life in the UK test just put them in the comments below and I’ll answer them if you’d like to subscribe and click the notification bell you’ll get my updates on the life in the UK test and how to prepare also my practice tests so that you can do a trial run if you have any questions on securing indefinite leave to remain and naturalizing as a british citizen i have a free consultation service so contact me on the details below good luck in the test and i’ll see you in the next video