HOT Summit 2015: An incomplete history of HOT

okay a complete mystery but I’m not gonna claim to the whole history of Hawthorne even part of hot I experienced remember it all or be able to Google all of it but this is a start this is a start this wiki page so everyone here has a piece of the history of hot I’m trying to cover the first five years in 2005 to 2010 which I’ll call phase zero before anything really started to happen one piece of advice to everybody document what you do obsessively especially when you’re getting started with something when you’re not sure it’s gonna work out when it doesn’t seem important that’s how I am able to remember and find out and put together this presentation so around this time in 2005 I think there was a lot of us who were operating on maybe three premises and trying to figure out from those basic ideas what we could actually do it’s a human impulse when you see suffering to want to help and throughout history usually you want to help people who are nearby to you people you know well but of course today’s world we can see what’s going on pretty much anywhere instantly but it’s not about you can do for the other side of the blue but what seemed to be something that we can contribute is this technology is information and I think it’s easy and it’s relatively easy almost all other parts of humanitarian response are much much harder than what we do and it seemed like this was a problem that we could potentially solve so 2005 witness the Indian Ocean tsunami that doesn’t probably yesterday said it took three weeks for pixel’s to get to the ground Hurricane Katrina we were watching helplessly Bobby’s events unfolded Hurricane Katrina saw a good amount of interesting work trying to gather imagery that had been collected by by NOAA by NASA trying to put together a picture of what’s going on people find there had its roots there there was a lot of experimentation and a lot of desire to help I don’t know how much impact it had but we’re starting to develop the impulse and around this time I used to be obsessed with something called georss it’s okay that you’ve never heard of it I worked on he’s a little off – we’re called the world kit it’s also fine that you’ve never heard of it and I got connected with the group at the joint research Commission at the European Union we’re doing tsunami models so you can simulate any model where you could you can simulate a tsunami of different magnitudes of the kind that occurred during the Southeast Asian tsunami and then see the effect the the timing of the wave and we can have did this in two world kit and I was then lucky enough I mean absolutely no background in this stuff at all to get invited to the European Union GRC in northern Italy to present that work and while I was there I presented OpenStreetMap I just started working on it a month before and at that time this is what this treatment I don’t know if you can see it this is the only screen shot at being able to find biking early first version before this there was a like a search box logo and social mystery Mountain the first thing I did was you know the logo here and we have a map and there’s an edit button it kind of looks like Wikipedia and basically have Landsat imagery with like white line so it just was really hokey and it was a really crazy idea nothing worked and so I was going to people who are doing real work I think looking this thing we’re doing why don’t we apply it for disaster response and I think it’s an even crazier idea and they were very generous to even let me tell them about it and not to visibly condescending I think was good for encouraging to

develop the idea so 2006 was lucky enough to again have a generosity of people like all Korean who the website mandatory end up info for years which no longer exists for all I guess he thinks it’s it’s not needed anymore John Thompson Michael Graham of the bright current projects and these are people who were had been trying to bridge these worlds of humanitarian response and technology for for a number of years and they were were generous enough to start to engage in conversations educate what are the real needs in a humanitarian response and how could open street map possibly be of service and he was meeting a Nigel from map action who now map action of courses I think a key partner of hot and that faction is just I think an incredible organization just amazing work that they do and Nigel really spent a lot of time with maybe wasn’t a lot of time but but it was really valuable into grounding this idea to sign something so by 2007 it started to look like well maybe it is real one event which which had no interaction with OpenStreetMap at all but which is very influential was a search for Jim Gray Jim Gray said well no computer scientist and I worked on lots of things including satellite processing and he tragically was lost at sea a wide effort came together to process satellite imagery out over the Pacific Ocean outside of San Francisco Bay which was covered by cover backlogs so the same kinds of issues we are now dealing with in Nepal were affecting the search for Jim Gray the thought being if they could get updated satellite imagery and you got a lot of people looking at it through Amazon Mechanical Turk you might be able to spot this boat he wasn’t found but it inspired a lot of people of the power of using satellite imagery and using massive numbers of people to do good work together and leader of that year I met Jesse Robbins who is a describing himself at the time as a firefighter in a geek and he was a master of disaster Amazon so his job was to do things like shut down entire data centers and make sure that amazon.com is still was still standing after Hurricane Katrina he drove down with a lot of people from Burning Man to New Orleans and as an emergency responder helps set up relief efforts and where to sit up was pretty close to us highway 90 which you can see again that’s proprietary screenshot this is the bridge there in Google at the time this was a bridge a reality after it was completely just wiped away by the hurricane and this was a really intriguing well the story goes a lot of people are still coming to this bridge driving up and Jesse was asking why why are you showing up here this is this bridges out who’s directing you here and they said well the Red Cross is here and so called the Red Cross about one of the emergency you know just that volunteer I guess and said well well I’m looking here at Google Maps right now and the bridge is there are you sure that the bridge is out is they know I’m really sure there was no bridge there they had to go back and forth a few times eventually she was convinced that the bridge was not was maybe in Google Maps but not at there in reality so she was convinced but other Red Cross volunteers and others were not convinced so people continue to come so we have a lot to think the Red Cross for including an inspiring part of hot with a very excellent story and what what was to me I heard about the story in 2007 and so this is a couple years later if you routed in this is from Yahoo Maps Google Maps or whoever you would still be routed over that bridge if the update cycle of information from now that could tell the I wish from the other data providers at the time was several many stages and very slow and by it’s two years later they had gotten the update but I think after we started like

talking about it they did update it yeah 2007 few months later the problem was that they actually have to rebuild the bridge so this was suddenly out of date this started to get some media coverage like I said this thing actually didn’t respond so the idea started to catch on and at the very first state of the mount which was 2007 in Manchester a group about this size actually got together for the first time and I presented this idea and tied over the top was a mystery map a disaster waiting to happen which is not just referring to the application of a mystery not the disaster response but to be ever sort of like teetering edge of OpenStreetMap as a as a community which was really trying to find its feet and I guess I had talked to a lot of humanity responders by that time and thought that I finally knew what was going on so I started using where it’s like common operating picture yeah but this but this is an that business that kind of you know we’re trying to bring together a lot of the thinking and discussions and there’s some elements of like what we have another beauty this is sort of like opus treemap in the center remote sensing that’s there but there’s a kite and this one the idea but this is a two directional arrow of paper mouse anyway this is sort of a guidance where he’s a genius leader that year Skyler girl and myself went to the FAO in Rome to geo Network open source meeting we had the first OpenStreetMap mapathon mapping party we just called it not being parties back then it was still fun I guess after UN so at the FAO you can see the pennant there’s the banner really badly hung out actually think this room was designed all the rooms at benefit I think I was sponsored by the I think it was Nepal wrong there’s a picture company named isn’t here and we might in question there and this was like the first you know someone from the US was involved in data GIS was really like he came fought it to the idea to 2008 I’m took it on the road Jesse and myself went to where 200 Brian we emerging technologies conference and started talking about this story so far and Skyler and I the free map India 2008 tour so this was the first I think time folks were leaving pubs in Germany and England and trying to go someplace where it might be a little bit harder to do this stuff and 2008 India is much different than 2015 India where it’s actually pretty easy to do this stuff but a lot of it is done it in Vietnam course just open an office in Bangor but we traveled eight cities in one month stick many times lots of amazing adventures got really like over lead appreciated yeah more than so we were the resource persons there was Awards or flowers there were dancing girls literally it was really interesting experience most of the times things didn’t work most we didn’t have power we didn’t have internet and this is that like research institutions in India so things have improved later that year convinced chippy Tim waters to to himself go some myself to the geology geology conference and Schembri and so we’re from the poor people were growing who were advocating and hot and you can play Where’s Waldo here with if you look at slides later with a few folks and Nicolas is there it’s not worried I saw up in soo ha okay who became a real adviser to hot was a

member I’m G way the UN geographic information working group so was in this kind of room talking about it mystery found the 2009 starting to see some things happening after chippies presentation he got connected with folks in Haiti the data that you saw in important prints before the earthquake for stuff that was added to after the earthquake was it was mostly imported by a by chippy in the beginning of 2009 from CNI GS apparently somehow he they were willing to share that data and during the same month we were in the midst of Gaza crisis and attention of the world was on Gaza I have been working in the West Bank and we did a mapping of all the West Bank earlier that year or the year before and there’s a lot of media reports and not a lot of picture of like what is actually there and I the thinking was that how can you relate to someplace if you can’t even see a map of it if you can’t even see like something that you can relate to in terms of the structure of that place you see roads if you see moss we see supermarkets markets then it’s a place that’s more understandable and there’s just a lot of confusion about what this place is actually like and in OpenStreetMap at the time the in a south western part was primo mountains not terribly map so it was mapped a little bit this part was not because that’s we at the time we had permission from Yahoo to use their imagery before pink and you can see the we didn’t have imagery this is a familiar problem to us but we did not have map give Foxy’s DigitalGlobe releasing all their imagery we had by imagery and so we learned about imagery resellers and how much it cost per you know square kilometer so we decided to purchase all of Gaza which had been actually imaged after the conflict that started its downgraded to two meter resolution over over Israel and we’ve cost about five thousand pounds we did a fundraiser we raised money to buy imagery it was really startling stuff to look at because you could see destruction you could see military vehicles and we’ve got the imagery that we retrace a weekly Maps remotely map follow of Gaza the interesting things happened like most of the manatorian maps which were being published had a kind of road network behind whatever they were show there’s damage assessment section it was really good and it was actually the credit lengthy gjr security commission so what we able to do an import if they would agree to give us that that data we know that they were generous enough to not be too condescending back in 2005 so asked if they could release it they released it and who was a little man behind the curtain moment because the data was terrible no no offense of the TRC but it turned out it had been an intern over the summer facing probably lower resolution energy that we have here and the reality you know the match between that room network in the reality was it was just didn’t match and so you know the idea that I think there was some discussion of this lease at this yesterday it was between quality didn’t even good deed in authoritative data just because it’s authoritative doesn’t necessarily mean so volunteers at this point produced much better data than what was supposedly like the highest standard in terms of humanitarian map making so when you didn’t eat up it to this point we I mean I’m really glad we’re gonna stick with mappers Without Borders it would be really awkward now so so of course everyone has to have a good acronym every agency and responders acronym so eat your tea humanitarian I think we started with yet as a backronym

hot do something with that mandatory at the street 19 and January and yeah that’s the first like public version of the manatee know that she meant team out in the world this was a conference in Berkeley called the soul of a new machine presented the work in in Gaza and not too long after that met John Crowley at the first Isis camp who kind of yeah I started walking beside me as we were going to the bar and said what would you do with some major imagery of the entire world means that either the entire world well it turns out that the conversations I guess with nga the injury repository we’re starting so in July of that year went to Camp Roberts which is an amazing experimental space out in California and brought together coders like these guys let’s Josh Livni from Google is likely burski statement for America that’s another Google guys Josh not with Google Belvin seed was there I think this picture was taken by Eric Gunderson and their people fly you a thieves Todd Hoffman showed up with a car garage full of eastern Afghanistan and we processed it in a huge machine and a Google brothers managed server that whirled away for like over a day generated a ton of heat in order to process all that imagery into tiles but there was UAV imagery of camp Roberts who’s kind of decommissioned army base and we produce walking papers and there’s some of the walking papers and that had this like USB solar charger just put it in a picture in October or so the first use of a mystery map in a map action produced map any humanitarian map as we know well there was a typhoon in the Philippines it’s that year Matt faction responded they used OpenStreetMap data the Philippines community was all very already very strong at that point crisis mappers conference happened in November October there’s a lot of push Benson looking a little younger this is good this is a good moment there’s a lot of excitement of course with those people work this was still a very crazy you know crisis mapping of the kind of being talked about years was mostly still very clear at you and I went from crisis mappers which was in Cleveland on the way to the airport went by a Best Buy to pick up some laptops which was hard because Windows 7 or something was coming out of it the next day and I got some laptops and was Erica to start not Khepera which feel like is you know really trying to go beyond reaching been educated technically a dense communities to people who are really on the on the on the front lines of humanitarian need know what they need can contribute to what they need if only they have the right tools so that was I think also a proving ground but the kind of things we’re all we’re all not doing missing maps I think and this is basically the end of fazer of woke up on the way don’t remember where was exactly free it’s on the way back to Kenya ina Bri left in booty hadn’t intended to go beyond three weeks but still going there five years later we’re not going on the way back there was an open stream at Foundation Board meeting in Amsterdam and I was waking up kind of like this past week looking up very early in the morning before was awake and reading and trying to you know thinking pardon and all this thing

that’s that that’s the end of phase zero there’s a lot more to those those five meters that’s just mine what I can remember what I’m cool and I feel like we’ve kind of come to the second five years like phase one the growth of hot from a crazy idea to something which is like essential now and see what things to brings for the next five years let’s do some QA or if there’s no if there’s no questions excusing it’s not fatal it’s definitely not a beta it’s not like the Red Cross is no longer causing us problems the assumption that there is an overwhelming impulse to help when people are suffering in retrospect when you now look back that’s the last years of attention in what sense has your understanding of this assumption change or to what extent have you maybe he also added further offenses that very forum I’ll stick with separate but what one thing is for certain human nature is not always kind we know that so especially if you are in an emergency situation of course you’re usually your heart goes out when you’re in the more difficult or protracted situations it’s it gets very complicated and it’s harder to overcome your immediate needs so I think the recognition especially through math guevara that like the model of open source contribution that out of mind does not apply in the same way most of the world and in fact probably doesn’t even apply to us you know if there’s there’s a lot of incentives are key to to taking part part of it is wanting to do good for sure but there’s a lot understanding that we all have lots of incentives for what we do is is is really necessary in order to you have to look at that realistically like it’s just a payback that I the challenged or struggling with is tapping people’s impulse there’s less of that impulse for people to help when they see people who are vulnerable I mean I know this is what the missing fax is trying to highlight but I think with it just comes back and this is something I want to talk about later it was like getting a message across pointing out kind of the value of mapping ahead of time we obviously have an opportunity to do that with the current response but it’s still a huge challenge certainly working in decline where we are still I was half paying attention because talk because I’m still just emailing people about like what’s going on right now and why it’s important and why that you could be paying attention priorities so that’s that still child and face zero he talked about thank you reference the MJ repository was it what I mean just the commercial archive oh yeah that’s are just curious like what is your engagement with NJ or other government agencies in terms of supporting or partnering this and support your efforts personally I’m apparently a presidential innovation fellow in the hiu working on that good so I guess I’m pretty close

but by the hottest I think you know imagery to the crown the requesting organization I mean for what you know for determining when there’s a humanitarian need and a mapping need that legitimizes sharing of the imagery for we will get to this later but and Jenna the general answer is the relationship with digital globe is mediated by MTA because they have the license the contract event with digital globe but as far as sharing image render that license to support crowdsource mapping we would not have initiated that process or been able to if hot didn’t already exist because it would be it still as you all know very challenging or they’re they’re relatively few formal organizations like the American Red Cross who recognized the value even now a crowdsource mapping or if they do sort of implicit because it’s their GIS technicians who are just using the data and the leadership don’t understand other programmers programming managers don’t understand or so that was really a necessary precursor it certainly does go both ways though I mean be said since Haiti it I was working as a three-letter agency guide during that time in there it’s definitely a two-way street now there’s wide use of OS m on the high side oh yeah well I meant some time that that’s been in that room now as far as nga directly now of course there’s a sea change just in the last year or two and then extrapolate accelerating last six months so that’s we’re in a whole new field right now in terms of the to a float I mean everyone has seen NGA’s products that starting with a bolo event they are using OpenStreetMap as their common base map there’s no question about that but the relationship yeah I don’t know if there’s like a sea change but more of just taking it more even more professionally seriously I mean if if hot is essential and if we are that important to partners and we have a responsibility both to do what we do which is provide imagery but also you know meet them on their level and understand really understand the constraints that that humanitarian organizations work with it hard as the organization is a very different form opensci Memphis even different and hot ralina straddle it to bridge the two so I don’t know like we we know about this we’ve learned this but it’s not it’s not captured in a way this was something I was thinking on a little bit about during the activation curriculum sprint earlier this week just about the importance of managing communications and partners in a way that you know if you’re in an emergency like it’s not a lot of time and you got to understand that you know sometimes the way things are done in OpenStreetMap takes a lot of time you don’t expect MSF do I get involved in a tagging discussion mission one how’re you actually wrap it up there okay you