Join the Climate Conversation (full program)

yeah it’s about climate change what did you expect I don’t know I guess I didn’t realize that things he is so dangerous so fast yeah me too a climate change is bad but now it feels real why not instead of talking about how do we are we actually doesn’t mean to fix it man we gotta get started yeah here’s something you my name is Karen Dante and I’m a climate change fellow with the USDA Forest Service I want to welcome each and every one of you across the country to this webcast of climate change live the climate change live distance learning program is brought to you by 25 partners to provide you with information about climate change what it is and what we’re seeing now we’ll discuss what the potential impacts might be what the potential solutions are and what you can do to help in our first webcast last week we presented an incredible overview of climate science if you didn’t see that webcast it’s available on the website at climate change live org so check it out there later today you’re going to be joining in with us on a climate change conversation we’ve gathered students and climate experts to talk about climate change and what we can do to help we’re going to learn more about climate change and hear from students who have been involved in climate change and learn about what they’ve been doing to be part of the climate solution the title of this program is joined the conversation so we’re looking forward to getting lots of questions and comments from students in her studio and from the webcast audience we’re joined today by dr. Katharine Hayhoe who is a rock star in climate science and in communicating about climate change she’s an atmospheric scientist and director of the climate science center at Texas Tech University thanks so much for being with us today can you tell us a little bit about your background and why you think it’s so important for everyone to learn about climate change thanks for having me here today we’re all familiar with how medical doctors collect data and run tests and build models to understand the human body in the same way we climate scientists collect data and run tests and build models to understand the health of our planet specifically these days we care a lot about climate change and about how that’s affecting us today in the places where we live well it’s wonderful to have you with us dr. Hayhoe thanks for helping us understand that by climate change and what we can do to help and I’m joined again by our student host Robert hi everyone I’m a student at thomas jefferson high school for science and technology in fairfax county virginia and i’m president of the TJ environmental impact Club you may remember one of our other hosts from our first webcast Syme are among golem is a presenter for the Alliance for climate education otherwise known as ace psy has been teaching students about climate change and working with students throughout the Washington DC area on projects to address climate change hi everyone I am so excited to be here to join this conversation on climate change and I’m very happy to be here with my good friend and climate all-star miss Troy Newman hi I’m the student Edwin Park High School in Prince George’s County Maryland and I’m the president of our ecology Club climate change is one of the most important issues of our time and it’s going to have far-reaching impacts into the future into our future so we’re going to be learning more about climate change and what students are doing to be a part of the climate solution you might be surprised how much of a difference we can make you can send any questions or comments by email Twitter or Facebook you can do that by going to our website at climate change live org and click on the facebook or twitter buttons or send an email right from the page and directly to field trips at pw net org we want to know whether you’ve seen any climate change impacts in your area join in the

conversation that you see on the screen and we’ll be sharing some of your posts on this webcast we have some climate scientists who will be answering your climate change questions on Twitter and Facebook here’s your chance to join in on the climate conversation and have your questions answered by climate experts to get us started I’d like to take a question from one of the students in our studio audience today sigh yeah we have a question from Ashley nuin in chantilly high school Ashley hi my question is how do we know the earth is warming one of the main ways we track climate change is through temperature measured by thermometers but we don’t just have to depend on thermometers and satellite instruments and other scientific observations to know that our climate is changing a lot of the information is right there in our own backyards we can look at plants and trees bugs sea level oceans rivers mountain glaciers all of these things are telling us that the earth is warming there’s more than twenty six and a half thousand different indicators of a warming planet all around us to continue on the question of how we know the earth is warming were joined on skype by spruce tournament who’s going to tell us about his work in Antarctica and how ice gives us information about climate change spruce tell us about your work with ice cores hi well yeah I’m a graduate student at the University of Washington and Earth and Space Sciences Department and I work as a science technician and an ice core handler with research scientists on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet divide ice core project and i’m studying water isotopes in the ice cores which tell paleo climate scientists how temperatures have changed in the past paleo climate refers the study of past climate and in addition i compare the ancient changes with the greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane to understand how the planet transition from the last glacial period to the present day in antarctica when the snow falls the ratio of heavy to light water isotopes is set by the temperature during the precipitation isotopes are very small variations in the chemical composition of element that they can be measured in the case of water we measure the isotopes oxygen oh 16 and 0 18 we can then infer what the past temperatures have been over thousands of years as the snow can packs to ice it also traps pockets of atmospheric air and we can measure these air bubbles preserved in the ice which contains samples of the ancient atmosphere including carbon dioxide and methane using the trapped air we’ve been able to extend the record of carbon dioxide that’s 800,000 years ago by shows that the current rise in carbon dioxide’s actually began about two hundred years ago during the start of the Industrial Revolution when we can burning coal instead of wood as the planet warms from the additional greenhouse gases we are admitting we are seeing increased temperatures recorded by the isotopes which also match the current instrumental temperatures together with the water isotopes we see that the earth has gone through long-term cycles in temperature and co2 between colder glacial periods and warmer interglacial periods the temperature changes are closely followed by changes in co2 which further amplify the temperature changes creating a positive feedback cycle how did the present changes compared to previous changes in the Earth’s history well in the case of the last deglaciation which is the melting of the ice sheets it took roughly 10,000 years for the planet to warm as Earth’s orbit provided small increases of incoming radiation from the Sun as the oceans warmed and the carbon cycle became more active more carbon dioxide was released into the air increasing the greenhouse effect increasing temperatures and so forth until reaching this current stable interglacial period in less than a hundred years we have added an equal amount of carbon dioxide from carbon lot and Earth’s crust then had been released when the land and oceans over the entire 10,000 years of the deglaciation in addition during the last 10,000 years the Earth’s orbit has caused us to slowly receive less incoming radiation so we should have been headed toward another cold period but instead Earth has been warming Thank You spruce I scores have been a key to understanding what’s been happening with the climate over time ice core research is one way we know that the burning of fossil fuels has increased carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and the rise and Earth’s temperatures corresponds to the additional greenhouse gases thanks for telling us about the work you do okay let’s find out what’s happening with our

Twitter and Facebook friends here are tweets from to East Coast students who have noticed possible impacts from climate change a student from manchester essex Regional School District in Massachusetts tweeted in our coastal community we have noticed rising sea levels and an increase in severity of storms another student from foresight Country Day School in North Carolina tweeted our environment feature many climate changes recently we had a 65-degree night then the next morning it snowed thanks for your tweets we’ll check in with our Twitter and Facebook friends again during the program so keep your comments and questions coming it can be hard to observe the changes in climate especially when those changes are small but over time these small changes add up here’s a video with kelton Oregon who’s going to tell us about the changes she has noticed instead of seeing our regular snowfall that releases it in slow amounts and help sustain us throughout the summer we’re seeing a lot more floods during the winter seasons and then we don’t have enough snowpack bus our summertime water runoff trees are essential to our life because they store carbon and they emit oxygen for us to breathe imma change is affecting Oregon because we’re seeing droughts we are seeing warmer temperatures and also we’re seeing more fires this is an example of a forest that was lost to fire it’s not some myth it’s not far away it’s in our own backyards literally let’s talk about this a little bit we’ve got meteorologist Paul Gross on skype with us from Detroit Michigan he’s a forecaster for the television station WDIV thanks for joining us today Paul so it’s kind of changed causing more extreme weather yeah it is because what’s happening is as the planet gets warmer we evaporate more ocean water into the atmosphere and that increases the humidity around the planet now that moisture in the atmosphere its water vapor that is what storms use to create rain or snow and so we basically have a greater pool of moisture for storms to tap into and we are seeing an increase in some of those extremes and and I’m seeing here right here in our area here in Detroit some definite impacts from climate change so for example some of those are very subtle and some of those are very dramatic let me give you a sample first of a subtle one now I moved into my house 20 years ago 22 years ago actually and there’s a bed of flowers in front of my house called Parnell’s meaning they come up every year they’re called black-eyed Susans now when I moved into my house those black-eyed Susans they bloomed usually by about maybe August 10th or so and I’d have the last of the flowers lasting into the first week in September but because of the warming the steady warming that we’ve seen here my black-eyed Susans are now actually blooming a couple of weeks earlier there now blooming in mid to late july and those flowers are gone by the end of august so I’m actually seeing kind of a transition in a species due to the changing climate now some of the some of the impacts are much more dramatic so let’s talk about something counterintuitive something you wouldn’t even think about let’s talk about snow now I don’t know what you think about what’s going to happen with a warming climate with snow but here in the Detroit area believe it or not that extra moisture being tapped into by the storms is actually creating more snow for us in those winners where the storm track is nearby isn’t that something well how about this four of our all-time top ten snowiest winters on record this is the entire winter have occurred in the past ten years so in those years where that storm track is nearby like this current winner we are seeing an increase in our no so one thing people are asking me about is this enormously cold winter that we’ve had and and is that related in any way well let me explain something climate change the warming climate does not mean that we are not going to get extreme cold like this what it means is that there’s going to be a lot less of it and there’s going to be an increase in the heat extremes and we’ve seen a lot of record heat recently we just haven’t seen a whole lot of record cold like this and in fact you young people you don’t even remember a winter like this because you haven’t even been alive long enough to experience the last time that we’ve had a winter like this so that’s some of the impacts that we’re seeing stuff that’s tangible stuff that you can see and feel and understand a direct impact from climate change so I only want to mention one more thing and and and that’s that I’m a member of the American Meteorological Society and one of our core missions in the AMS is to improve the scientific literacy of Americans we want people to be engaged and understand science more and and so TV meteorologists are taking that charge and what we are trying to do is do more

than just the weather we’re trying to to do things like this and try to educate people more about other sciences and things so so the American Meteorological Society earth gauge and the National Environmental Education Foundation have all kind of teamed up and formed a partnership that is really helping to make it easier for us TV meteorologists to help do more than just the weather and talk about some of those other sciences it’s really a great project project and it goes way beyond just what we can show you on TV so if you want to see some of this stuff yourself you can actually see some of these things that we work on just go to earth gauge net and you can take a look at that and you can learn more about things than you ever thought possible so that’s a little bit about the impact of a climate change I hope you guys have a great rest to the event great thanks Paul thanks for tuning us into the difference between climate and weather and it’s also interesting that you’re mentioning the little changes you have noticed like the blooming time of flowers as well as extreme weather events if you’d like to make observations about plants you can get involved with project budburst enrich citizen scientists submit their data about the leafing flowering and fruiting of plants project budburst began in 7 in response to requests from people who wanted to make a meaningful contribution to understanding changes in our environment thanks for thanks Paul for skyping with us climate gov from NOAA is another great resource for information about climate change the dashboard has data beginning in 1880 and shows projections to 2020 and you should check out the ten signs for a warming world it’s an interactive website that provides information and data related to ten key climate indicators there’s lots of great information there so we’ve talked about how we know climate change is occurring and what impacts have occurred but dr. Hayhoe why should we care well on cold icy snowy winter days it’s easy to say well I’d like a little global warming now and for those of us who come from up north you might say well isn’t global warming a good thing but the truth is that we are perfectly adapted to the climate we have and as our climate changes that means it’s going to impact all aspects of our life things that we actually really care about for example anyone like to go to the beach sea level rise is eating away at our beaches anybody enjoy the outdoors our native plant and animal species are shifting and we have new invasives moving into the area like kudzu that green volume that grows all over everything kudzu was first introduced in the south and it’s actually gotten all the way up to canada now because our winters are no longer as cold as they used to be if you like to drive places well we’re seeing more heavy rainfall events that disrupt traffic and even damage our roads and our bridges we all like to eat climate change affects where we can grow our food and how much it costs we all like extra pocket money weather disasters cost a ton of money in the billions of dollars and they’re increasing so climate change is really a story about us our lives and our children’s lives yeah thnkx in just a minute we’ll be learning about what some students are doing to address climate change let us know on Twitter and Facebook or by email about what you’re already doing about climate change or what you might be inspired to start doing as you watch this webcast but first let’s check back with dr. Hayhoe to answer another question from our studio audience sigh thanks Robert we have a question from de Chelly who goes to Gwynn Park High School deja what is causing climate change that’s a really important question climate has changed in the past so why is today any different well we know that in the past climate has changed for a couple of different reasons there’s natural cycles like El Nino that makes some parts of the world warmer and other parts cooler but all they do is just move heat around the planet they don’t change the whole temperature of the entire planet we also know that in the past we’ve gotten more or less energy from the Sun when we get more energy we get warmer when we get less we get cooler but now since the 1970s we’ve actually been getting less energy from the Sun not more we also know that there’s these big natural cycles in the Earth’s orbit that caused our earth ages and our warm interglacial period like we’re in right now but as you heard from spruce the next thing we’re expecting from those cycles is actually another Ice Age so that can’t be what’s causing our warming either the reason why we’re warming today is for a different reason than we’ve ever seen it’s because humans are digging up massive amounts of coal and gas and oil out of the ground and burning it when we burn this stuff it produces carbon dioxide which is a very important heat-trapping gas now most of us depend on this whenever we turn on a switch or charge our phone or get in the car coal and gas and oil are really important parts of our lives but the problem is as we use more and more of them this carbon

dioxide builds up in the atmosphere and it’s like we’re wrapping an extra blanket around the planet a blanket that the planet doesn’t need it may seem like the problem of climate change is just too big to address but let’s watch a video about one school where students are really getting involved to make some positive changes we declare you graduated as great ambassadors the thing about the green investors which is so powerful to me and I love it is because we get to do the solution it’s not the teacher doing it it’s actually youth empowering because we’re in charge yet in our green ambassadors class we work on projects that can help our school first and then we can go out in the community to teach others about it and of course that all goes back to our ecological footprint and with climate change here in the United States we’re trying to change it and many countries don’t see that they just think that we’re bad with a big monster that wants to destroy the planet most of our energy comes from fossil fuels like oil natural gas and coal once you burn them they emit co2 and the greenhouse gases are like laying a blanket on our planet and it’s heating it up our school is going through our green transformation our school we had a lunch system that would create so much waste so that semester we worked on a project called clean plate Club these are our way station you have compost fruits vegetables eggshells we have a recycle so plastic bottles only numbers one and two and we have landfill and we want to raise awareness and we also want people to see what can go on the landfill right here is our next to the compost and we’re using an old bathtub to put our organic matter from the waste bins worms are breaking it down to compost we’re going to get good healthy soil for our plants our fruit trees we planted 60 different fruit trees with over 30 varieties trees get the carbon dioxide out of the air so planting more trees can reduce your carbon footprint the coolest thing for me was that we actually got to plant the trees so we can go back 20 years later and say hey I planted that avocado tree I planted that QE tree and we also went into the community door to door asking people do you want a Kiwi tree do you want to avocados tree we planted 40 different trees in the community to me it was that’s the most important thing to educate people because they don’t know i don’t like when we judge other people instead of teaching them one way that our school has taken our learnings and teachings out to the rest of the community to the rest of the city we teach little kids about what they can do and take back to their homes to their schools to make their school environmentally friendly they’re trying to reduce plastic getting canteens and so they don’t have to be buying plastic bottles we’re at the environment a youth conference and I’m dressed as a plastic bag monster everyone is walking into me taking pictures and laughing but this is a serious problem climate change it’s hitting us I mean we need solar panels we need wind energy we don’t need to be going offshore drilling for oil there are the solutions and what we need to use them you really be surprised what one earth asura solution can do to a community we’re doing all of this for the seventh generation whether my sister’s kids and her kids kids kids we can do the simplest things to make this world a better place I can learn how to care about the earth you can too you can make a difference wow those students have really gotten involved in green during school from recycling to compost and waste in cafeteria to educating others in their community will any of this make a difference dr. Hale with such a huge problem like climate change we often feel discouraged like there’s nothing that we can actually do but the truth is that small actions do add up for example if every house in the United States replace just one of its most commonly used light bulbs with a compact fluorescent or even better one of those new LEDs that would be equivalent to taking almost a million cars off the road if we would just turn off our computers at night when we’re not using them that would give us enough electricity to power a few small states there are a lot of things we can do small actions add up and can have a real impact on the planet and it’s not just about helping the planet most of these things will actually save us money too when we make changes in our schools homes and communities it can really have a positive impact on lessening or carbon footprint okay let’s get another comment from one of her webcast audience and find out what they’re doing to make a

difference here are tweets from our partner ace a Santa Monica High School in California has converted a VW Bug to electric power very cool and students in Washoe County Nevada launched a campaign to reduce engine idling by 50% these are great projects thanks for your work and imagination now another thing that these green ambassadors were getting involved with is composting food in their cash terreus now here’s some food for thought every year humans waste over 1.3 billion tons of food some estimates put that number as high as 2 billion tons that means that between thirty and fifty percent of all food grown on the planet never gets consumed so for every one piece of food that someone eats another piece gets thrown away but what happens to that wasted food well in the United States ninety-seven percent of it goes to a landfill along with a bunch of other trash once it’s in the landfill it just sits there to accommodate all of this waste there are about 3,000 active landfills and 10,000 inactive landfills in the United States alone the largest of which measures 700 acres if all landfills were that size the United States would contain 9.1 million acres of landfills which is enough to fill up Massachusetts twice going back to the food waste in landfills it does eventually break down however because it’s without oxygen the food releases methane a greenhouse gas greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap heat from the Sun and what is known as the greenhouse effect this is a widely accepted cause of global warming if all 1.3 billion tons of food waste were put in a landfill instead of being allowed to naturally decompose the amount of greenhouse gases release would be enough to fill up almost 40 trillion 12-inch balloons if you lined up all 40 trillion of those balloons end to end they would stretch from the earth to the Sun 81 times in 2009 landfills were responsible for seventeen percent of all methane emissions in the United States in other words while the food waste is able to decompose and landfills it’s pretty bad for the environment now let’s talk about the other three percent of food waste that doesn’t end up in a landfill where does that go it gets composted composting is a process in which nutrients are returned to the soil through decomposition of organic matter basically food yard waste and other biodegradable material is mixed with soil in a compost pile then existing micro organisms and bacteria break down the food into its basic organic molecules which can be used as nutrients for plants this process is called decomposition and basically it recycles nutrients the final product of this process is called compost and is used as a nutrient-rich soil for growing plants or crops in fact no additional fertilizer is needed because all of the essential minerals are already there which makes it cost-effective to no need to buy fertilizer anymore and the best part is there’s no methane produced which means it’s good for plants and the planet if all of the food waste in the world was composted instead of being put in a landfill the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that would be prevented would be the equivalent of taking over 2 billion cars off the road for one year we are already making progress recycling and composting prevented 85 point 1 million tons of material from being disposed of in landfills in 2010 which also prevented approximately 186 million metric tons of carbon dioxide from being released into the air and composting isn’t the only way to eliminate food waste in landfills you can also try to save food instead of throwing it out an average family of four currently tosses out about 950 dollars per year just in meats fruits vegetables and grains this is your chance to save some money and the planet there are over 2,000 commercial composting facilities in the United States right now where you can arrange a drop off food waste or you can compost yourself what are you waiting for start composting today your garden and your planet will thank you just think if all schools everywhere started composting that simple action will help make a big difference most people have no idea how such a simple action can make such a positive difference and of course composting at home has a lot of benefits this is all great but sometimes with the big issues like climate change it seems like we just need a superhero to help us out check this out

mom wait next time family I was on a bike this morning and it was very slow i look like 10 miles from school why don’t you buy to school if you live 10 miles away safe you’ll of course oh my god to spend like 40 grand I’m Prius alright so learn it up again continuing again stay free and study in school I don’t really get why yes to wear the green suit like I understand going around fighting energy crime but the green shirt is kind of weird to know I mean I guess he’s just trying to do something good I mean I wish more people would do something like dive and recycles that is interesting guy as we say and we technically are related but I don’t like to tell people that make a lot of people just don’t really understand I think it’s a force for good and he’s trying to a great thing I think more people should respect him hungry what color are you I want to thank our hero Adam Alpert who is now a student at Brown University for that video it seems like the green Harris biggest challenge what’s convincing other people to care about this issue dr. Hayhoe you specialize in communicating about climate change do you have any suggestions about how to talk to people I know this is the hardest problem in my school we all have a lot of things that we worry about we were worried about our grades or family or friends and our future and so often when we learn about climate change we think oh well it’s just one more thing to add to the list of everything we care about usually to be honest at the bottom what we have to realize is that isn’t true the reason why we care about climate change is because it affects the things we already care about climate change affects us and our families it affects the places that we love and it definitely affects our future that’s why we care whenever you talk to people about climate change I think it’s important to include both facts and heart many people are misinformed about climate change so it often helps to show them the numbers and graphs to convince them of its severity but it’s also important to tell them about your personal connection with the issue and why it’s so important to you students can make a difference in so many ways and recycling is one way to get started on a green journey my school Gwynn Park High School in brandywine Maryland has done lots of projects but Gwynn Park aren’t an award for its recycling program here’s a video I don’t want to the college to come here at Green Park there’s a lot to help our community in our environment we have gardens in our greenhouse and we donate the vegetables that we grow for the culinary arts program at our school going over there and we’re in a different plants and trees that you plan it we’re doing this to beautify our school to help our environment we

planted trees and flowers just to make the school look better than it was we also have recycling program what helps get the students really involved with recycling and help them take what they learn in school to bring it home in the morning you collect the bins and recyclables then at the end of the week you wash them we sort them and then we weigh them for the competition last year in ecology club took part in a Howard sustainability case project of which school in the Washington DC area was most sustainable one park one and we won first place of six thousand dollars which into scholarship money to art school also last year Green Park receive green school status it’s a state recognition you get a green ribbon which shows that your school is implementing green or sustainable project within the school this year the ecology club were invited to power shift from AIDS which is Alliance for climate education we were high school since that were invited in the main problem at power ship this year was cracking so we learned about fracking and we tend their workshops and we took it back we want to implement some of those problems that we learned up our ship back to our community here I enjoy doing this because it’s just something that hosts beautify our school hosts beautify our environment makes our farming better helps the tree grows and vegetables grow so that we can get into the homeless shelters and give it to teachers and other people at the school so to do something like now you might not think that there’s anything you can do to help solve climate change and that’s wrong this is the average number of plastic bottles a u.s. family of four uses in one week depending on who you ask between 22 to 29 billion plastic bottles are used every year have a look at this picture in the United States we consume about sixty percent of the world’s water bottles and even though we’re only about four point five percent of the world’s population there are 1500 water bottles consumed every second in the United States it takes three times the volume of water to manufacture one bottle of water then does to fill it and think about all of the fuel it takes to deliver all this water and soda does this image you are seen shows two million plastic bottles the number using us every five minutes only one in six bottles get recycled recycling one plastic bottle can save enough energy to power a 60-watt light bulb for six hours it takes one fourth of a bottle of oil to manufacture this bottle and it takes 17 million barrels of oil a year to manufacture all of these bottles that’s enough to keep a million cars running for a year the United States have the safest tap water in the world but we also have the largest water bottle market so it’s safe to fill up your reusable water bottles and save is lots of energy as well why don’t you make the switch oh my God my God if you’re usable it’s amazing how much a difference you can make by just changing one little habit and I want to thank the students from greens clients for developing this demonstration you could do this too if you want to show other people how many bottles they’re actually using here’s the student from yaman organization in Minnesota who has come up with creative solutions to water bottle issues and much more we’ve got Brent on skype could you tell us of what yaman is in what you’ve been doing hi I’m uh my name is Brynn shank and I’m a senior at st. Paul Central High School and I’m also co-chair of yeah Minnesota which stands for youth environmental activists of Minnesota it’s the youth program of the will steiger foundation and the will steiger foundation looks to educate inspire and empower people to create solutions to climate change a little bit more about yeah Minnesota is we’re a core on a dark or we’re a group a network of high school environmental clubs around the Twin Cities and so what we do is we help each other with our projects to help mitigate and solve climate change at our individual high schools so at Central my high school we’re leading a hydration station project raise money to install a water fountain which increases usable water bottle usage and this is really important because one time use plastic weight like water bottles are more expensive than reusable water bottles and most of them are thrown away and it’s like completely useless you

know production with oil so it’s just not even needed so this is like a big problem and we know to help like mitigate climate change waste reduction is a big thing so um yeah Minnesota has been really really supportive with this project and our hydration stations are gonna be installed really really soon we’ve had to do a lot of contact back and forth of the district but it’s been really awesome besides just our own high schools yeah Minnesota is also really dedicated to connecting with the local environmental movement and the environmental movement nationally so I’m annually one thing that we do every year is we um go down to the state capitol building and do a lobby day so last year we went down to the state capitol building and we lobbied for a new renewable energy standard to have thirty percent of Minnesota’s energy be from renewable sources by I’m 2030 and ten percent of that be from solar solar energy so that solar could help get into the market and compete so it’s a really really awesome process because students get to meet with their legislators they get to learn about government and how government works but also um stand up for like their generation because climate change is going to be a really big issue for them because this is climate change is going to affect our generation a lot so it’s really awesome and Yemen has been like just so great to be able to work on high school projects and also connect to the wider movement as well so um thanks a lot for having me to the program I really appreciate it thank you Brynn you all have done some amazing thanks it’s amazing how small things can add up to make a huge difference isn’t that encouraging I hope the students and adults who here this will want to go and undertake some of their own projects as well absolutely let’s check back with our webcast audience and see what they’re saying Heather a student from conserved school in Wisconsin tweeted that the path to decreasing the rapid rate of greenhouse gas emissions lies through education and acceptance and acceptance means understanding that the science shows that climate change is real thanks Heather for your tweet here are some more real-life superheroes who decided to focus on energy use let’s see what they’ve accomplished it all started we were in sixth grade concerned about climate change because of sea level change Miami out of all the coastal studies in the world will have the greatest economic loss at a certain point we couldn’t stop thinking is there anything that we can do I’m Nicole Martinez I’m Melissa Quintana I’m Madeline Cowan I’m Larissa Weinstein and we’re in the green bean the green team would go around from homeroom to homeroom telling students about one thing that they could did to reduce their carbon footprint we started by turning off computers began to recycle turned off life we actually weatherstrip the doors and windows so that the air can’t escape to conserve air conditioning we turned off the AC units instead we open the windows and the doors this is your third sitting outside there are so many little things that you can do that will save energy and money throughout the school year we had this thing called the green ometer it was a thermometer up we would see energy that we were saving you became a dream in green school which is a nonprofit that helps us to save energy reduce our carbon footprint we save tens of thousands of dollars we learn how our actions affect the environment and effects something greater than ourselves my friends and I called in somebody to give us an estimate on putting in solar panels the man who came in emphasized that before we needed us we can try to reduce our energy consumption and one of the great ideas that he gave us was to paint the roof of our school white we convinced them to actually donate all the materials the time and the manpower to paint the roof of our school white painting the roof white saved us thousands of dollars is it require as much air conditioning that translated directly to 20 sapiens we didn’t just do this ourselves we built an entire network with faculty administration students and other members of the community our principal allowed us to look at energy bills so we were able to do an energy audit on the entire school and you can go online to put in your address and it does energy audits it gives you grasp on how much you’re saving or what I can do it gives you tebya nine any comparison to the same on

Friday previous year just became an incredible project it became something beyond my wildest dream and all of our teachers were very helpful we spoke with the custodians and convinced them to play a part in going great thank you if we go student should see an air conditioned on we turn it off so we are going greener and I’m proud to say that we were able to a passive decrease the amount of energy our school use going green is a win-win situation for everybody my eighth grade year we saved 39 thousand dollars and then the year after that we saved another 14,000 if each school in the district were to implementing who would have saved 33 million dollars that’s awesome larissa Maddie Melissa and nicole wanted to go beyond the classroom with what they had learned about energy and environmental science and make a difference in their school and community we made a presentation for school board members about how the entire district could be more environmentally friendly they were extremely inspired and they also saw the financial benefits of going green the savings were astronomical it was exciting to go to school remembers you could show them the daddy could say look you have no idea how much money you could be saving our students went and spoke to the authorities at the Miami International Airport throughout our presentations with the school board chairman with Miami International Airport we emphasized that it doesn’t take that much to reduce the energy consumption you were taking seriously because we had real statistics in information we could show people the airport this is how much you will save it was something that we were really very proud of not only are we making a change at the school level but we’re trying to make a change city why me worldwide maddy and i graduated from here at carver and we then moved on to a coral gables high school coming off this sort of high of change and excitement and everything we were doing here at Carver we had a list we wanted everything we had done at Carver to happen at gables almost the entire school at this point is recycling paper and plastic and cans going green really helps save money everywhere seventy-five percent of the money that we save at our school gets returned to us we’ve saved four or five thousand dollars this year at gables high alone small changes that add up to big savings you can save millions of dollars and this is just one small County in Florida can you imagine if every other County did this can you imagine if every other state at this it’s right on so many levels you know the moral level and a financial that despite all these obstacles just if you keep trying it can’t lose you’re saving money and more importantly you’re saving the planet kids do have power kids have a say in what happens I felt like I could change things I could just trap on my cape of moon I’d like to thank the young voices for the planet for sharing that video with us we have a question from Gerardo Hernandez from Hilton high school Gerardo I’m Gerardo and I go to hell in high school would you talk about energy use and what alternatives they are for the fossil fuels the tough thing is that there’s no one silver bullet this is going to fix this problem but there are lots of ways we can get our energy that are renewable we can look at solar wind tidal geothermal and all kinds of other ways that really smart people are working on that we can get our energy from that doesn’t come from coal or gas or oil so just imagine for a second a backpack made of some solar fabric that charges your laptop and your phone as you walk around imagine house is painted with solar paint with shingles made out of solar panels imagine a little wind turbine on the roof you could sell your electricity back to the grid imagine highways made of solar panels that charge your car as you drive that’d be a pretty cool feature you can even incorporate alternative energy into your school students at my high school fund raised enough to install 22 solar panels on our roof a few years ago and the electricity goes directly into power in our school now we’re using an online petition to try to make it easier for other schools across our county to go schooler now let’s say that you’ve been trying to reduce your carbon footprint at home and at school how much how will you know how much of an impact you’ve made let’s have a look online you can find tools called carbon calculators they can give you loads of information that show the impact of some simple energy saving changes you can make check out the eco-schools carbon calculator from the National Wildlife Federation you just pop in a small change you can make and out comes the carbon emission savings for example just changing five light bulbs and turning off the lights while you aren’t in school results in a

savings of almost 2,000 pounds of carbon for the school year or check out the Environmental Protection Agency’s online carbon calculator it will show the carbon emissions impacts across the country if every student made the same simple changes you did using the carbon calculators you can see that even small changes can make a big difference many schools have really dived into assessing their energy use and this can be a really fun informative and carbon statement project okay well let’s get back to our webcast audience and get one last comment from them and here’s another tweet from manchester essex Regional School District in Massachusetts they have installed motion sensored and LED lights to save energy that’s a great energy saving project if you didn’t get a chance to send in a question you can still do that by going to the climate change live website and we’ve got and ask a scientist button where you can submit a question please continue to send us your questions you can also continue to send us tweets or posts on Facebook we have seen some great examples today of what students have done to address climate change and now you know that there are lots of actions that students and classes can take to reduce energy consumption and be part of the climate solution I’d like to thank you all for joining in the climate change conversation during this webcast I’d like to thank dr. Hayhoe are scientists who answered questions tweets and Facebook posts from you also I’d like to thanks I the Alliance for climate education and our student hosts Troy and Robert I also want to thank the climate change live sponsors the usda forest service and the 25 other partners who help for this project i hope you’ll go to the website at climate change live org and take a look at all of the information resources and ideas there you’ll also find a list of all of the online resources highlighted in ER webcasts there’s more information there about becoming a green school participating in citizen science activities how to educate other students or people in your community about climate change and just lots of ideas programs and lesson plans it’s exciting and inspiring to see the many things students are doing and we celebrate your commitment to address a very important issue of our times teachers your feedback about this program is very important to us so please go to the website and fill out the evaluation form there Troy do you want to tell them about the grant program sure imma change live is offering grants from five hundred dollars to one thousand dollars through project learning tree and the u.s. Forest Service for projects that you might be thinking about the address climate change anything from planning a school garden to adding energy saving devices to your school or helping you set up a community education campaign you can check out the website for more action project ideas and grant information yes we’d love to help you with some financial support for your project and get a grant application from you any last thoughts let’s start with you sigh thanks Karen look I know this is a big issue and the biggest challenge of our lifetime but it’s also an incredible opportunity to innovate and reinvent how we live here at ace we worked with lots of students around the country who are getting involved and it’s inspiring to see what they’re doing I truly believe in the power of youth and I’m so hopeful about our future because I believe in your generation I just want to encourage students to start somewhere just like we got started with recycling at my high school and just that has make a big difference but I just want to add it starts within yourself and then you have to reach out to your school and then you get your community involved how about you Robert you have to start small but dream big in the projects that I’ve worked on we always start with our school but then try to go beyond that to really make a difference remember that you’re not the only one in this fight and that there are lots of people out there who want to help join with you to stop climate change yes I agree addressing this issue is going to require knowledge innovation and a lot of hard work but by working together we can do it to our host thank you all and thanks so much for joining us today and we hope you’ve been inspired to get engaged in being part of the climate solution by but I understand what’s at stake with climate change climate disruption the co2 are putting in our atmosphere continuing to base our success on fossil fuel it’s not about some far-out future it’s about my future it’s about my potential my economic opportunities my health it’s about what’s happening right now in the dry cracked farm lands in the wildfire vulnerable mountains in the storm battered cosines it’s happening with you it’s happening where I live but instead of giving up I’ve chosen to focus on what I can do on what I can make happen I’m in fact I by taking action in my school at my home in my community I can’t stop climate change on

my own but it’s a start it’s a step to getting us there it’s what I can do right now I am young I do not yet have the power the resources the access the connections the cloud training that you do not yet so I’m relying on you we’re counting on you to do the right thing to do the smart thing to do the renewable thing not just because it will make economic sense not just because it makes scientific sense not just for our planet but for our future for my future my future my future so great Luke wants that Redemption d she asked for Raja Mike again I’ll take the mic again already I’m recycling the freshers have you seen us all the ladies with my prius saving so much for seems to me like we’re a granary really names like the Grinch who stole Christmas trees listen please for all the hate is trying to trash talk if you aren’t spinning garbage then go throw it in the right box all right boss internal iphone everybody can trace which efficacy everybody came true we’re just so precious she’s so precious so great we gotta respect mother nature cannot jeopardize II yeah we make it hits you boys making fertilizer yeah we see you popping bottles yeah it’s time to end of II gotta get that now G bottle cap it and go free gotta go extra kilometers turn off the monitor so the odometer turned up thermometers huh you know miss who she keeps it fresh gathered we do it again we goin green what’s the plan so you understand why we here uncle charged with Captain plan and my our planet is don’t just talk sharply walk the walk step on the campus and for recycling bins we got turning up the power go ahead full of flowers never find another school with clean as ours I even recycle the water that I use when I shower that was a joke kids always bathe in clean water never starts out well clear out your top shelf I’m posted for all that leftover junk whales when will it stop well when do you think when the world and it’s we’re pretty close to our big biscuit three body can trees we’re just so fresh and green sea bridge efficient greet everybody Oh countries we’re just so fresh and green love saving energy we’re just so fresh and green